Theoretical formulation for mosquito host-feeding patterns : Application to a west nile virus focus of Southern France

Balenghien Thomas, Fouque Florence, Sabatier Philippe, Bicout Dominique. 2011. Theoretical formulation for mosquito host-feeding patterns : Application to a west nile virus focus of Southern France. Journal of Medical Entomology, 45 (8) : pp. 1076-1090.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : VETERINARY SCIENCES / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ENTOMOLOGY

Abstract : Host-feeding patterns play a key role in the transmission of vector-borne diseases such as West Nile fever, which involves two kinds of vertebrates, birds and mammals. In this study, we propose a theoretical formulation for mosquito host-feeding patterns using three quantities, as follows: the apparent attractiveness/contact probabilities, the conditional host(-feeding) preferences, and the enzootic versus bridge probabilities. Using results from host-baited trap collections, the quantities deÞned above were assessed for the most abundant mosquito species in the main West Nile virus focus of southern France.Wefound that host availability is important in determining the efÞciency of bridge vectors, and that even ornithophilic mosquitoes like Culex species, classically classiÞed as enzootic vectors, may turn out to be efÞcient bridge vectors in certain contexts of host abundance. Our developed theoretical framework can easily be adapted and applied to other experimental data and other vector-borne diseases. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Modèle mathématique, Relation hôte pathogène, Flavivirus, Vecteur de maladie, Culex, Mammifère, Oiseau, Equidae

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

Mots-clés complémentaires : Fièvre du Nil occidental

Classification Agris : L72 - Pests of animals
U10 - Computer science, mathematics and statistics

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2005-2013) - Santé animale et maladies émergentes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Balenghien Thomas, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)
  • Fouque Florence, Institut Pasteur (FRA)
  • Sabatier Philippe, ENVL (FRA)
  • Bicout Dominique, ENVL (FRA)

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