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Symbiotic and molecular characterisation of the rhizobia associated with Acacia mangium x Acacia auriculiformis hybrids and both parental species

Tentcheva Koleva Diana, Le Roux Christine, Prin Yves, Moo Hanna, Japarudin Yani, Galiana Antoine. 2004. Symbiotic and molecular characterisation of the rhizobia associated with Acacia mangium x Acacia auriculiformis hybrids and both parental species. In : 2nd Mediterranean Conference of Rhizobiology, Oran, Algeria, 23-25 May, 2004. s.l. : s.n., Résumé, 2 p, Mediterranean Conference of Rhizobiology. 2, Oran, Algérie, 23 May 2004/25 May 2004.

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Abstract : In the context of an increasing utilisation of the interspecific hybrid Acacia mangium x A. auriculiformis as a plantation tree for pulp production in Southeast Asia, the symbiotic characterisation of this hybrid was carried out in comparison with that of its both parental pure species. Rhizobium strains of diverse geographical origins were isolated from Acacia mangium, Acacia auriculiformis and the hybrid A. mangium x A. auriculiformis. Two types of strains could be distinguished according to their growth rate in pure culture, the Acacia hybrid strains having a fast growth conversely to the strains isolated from both parental species which had a far lower growth. The inoculation experiments performed in in vitro or greenhouse conditions showed that all rhizobium strains isolated from both parental species and their hybrid were infective and effective with these same three species, except one that formed unefficient nodules in A. mangium. However, although no specificity in strain infectivity was observed, they showed very variable effectivities according to the species tested. Thus, the strains isolated from the hybrid A. mangium x A. auriculiformis had a higher effectivity than strains isolated from A. mangium or A. auriculiformis when all these strains were inoculated to the Acacia hybrid. Conversely, the strains isolated from the hybrid A. mangium x A. auriculiformis generally exhibited a lower effectivity than A. mangium or A. auriculiformis strains when inoculated to each pure parental species. Then, the rhizobium strains were genetically characterised through partial sequencing of the intertranscript space region 16S-23S of the ribosomal DNA (ITS). The resulting phylogenetic tree showed that, except for few ones, all strains isolated from the hybrid A. mangium x A. auriculiformis were grouped within a same branch phylogenetically close to Bradyrhizobium japonicum reference strains whereas all strains isolated from A. mangium and A. auriculiformis, regardless of their geographic origin, were grouped in another branch including Bradyrhizobium elkanii reference strains. Since all the A. mangium x A. auriculiformis hybrid strains of our study originated from Malaysia, other ones from more diverse origins should be isolated and characterised in order to confirm this differentiation between them according to the hybrid or pure species status of the host plant of isolation. (Texte intégral)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Bradyrhizobium, Acacia auriculiformis, Acacia mangium

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Malaisie

Classification Agris : P34 - Soil biology
K10 - Forestry production
F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development

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Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/562308/)

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