Distribution and variability of silicon, copper and zinc in different bamboo species

Collin Blanche, Doelsch Emmanuel, Keller Catherine, Panfili Frédéric, Meunier Jean-Dominique. 2012. Distribution and variability of silicon, copper and zinc in different bamboo species. Plant and Soil, 351 (1-2) : pp. 377-387.

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : AGRONOMY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : SOIL SCIENCE / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : PLANT SCIENCES

Abstract : Aims With a high growth rate and biomass production, bamboos are frequently used for industrial applications and recently have proven to be useful for wastewater treatment. Bamboos are considered as Si accumulators and there is increasing evidence that silicon may alleviate abiotic stresses such as metal toxicity. The aim of this study was to investigate the extent of metal concentrations and possible correlations with Si concentrations in plants. Methods This study presents, for the first time, reference values for silicon (Si), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) concentrations in stems and leaves of various bamboo species grown under the natural pedoclimatic conditions of the island of Réunion (Indian Ocean). Results A broad range of silicon concentrations, from 0 (inferior to detection limit) to 183 mg g?1 dry matter (DM), were found in stems and leaves. Mean leaf Cu and Zn concentrations were low, i.e. 5.1 mg kg?1 DM and 15.7 mg kg?1 DM, respectively. Silicon, Cu and Zn concentrations increased over the following gradient: stem base<stem tip<leaves. Significant differences in Si, Cu and Zn contents (except Zn in the stem) were noted between bamboo species, particularly between monopodial and sympodial bamboo species, which differ in their rhizome morphology. Sympodial bamboos accumulated more Si and Cu than monopodial bamboos, in both stems and leaves, whereas sympodial bamboos accumulated less Zn in leaves than monopodial bamboos. Conclusions The findings of this study suggest that a genotypic character may be responsible for Si, Cu and Zn accumulation in bamboo. (Résumé d'auteur

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Poaceae, Cuivre, Zinc, Silicium, Physiologie végétale, Génotype, Variation génétique, Composition chimique, Tige, Feuille, Variété, Teneur en éléments minéraux, Bambusa, Phyllostachys, Dendrocalamus, Gigantochloa

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Réunion

Mots-clés complémentaires : Thysostachys siamensis

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry
Q70 - Processing of agricultural wastes

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Collin Blanche, Université d'Aix-Marseille (FRA)
  • Doelsch Emmanuel, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Recyclage et risque (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-7478-4296
  • Keller Catherine, Université d'Aix-Marseille (FRA)
  • Panfili Frédéric, Société Phytorem (FRA)
  • Meunier Jean-Dominique, Université d'Aix-Marseille (FRA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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