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Chinese and American oil companies and their environmental practices in Chad: A quiet confluence of streams or silence before the battle?

Van Vliet Geert, Magrin Géraud, Yang Weiyong, Maoundonodji Gilbert, Dittgen Romain, Lin Yiran, Wang Fan, Liang Guohuang, Doudjidingao Antoine, Tavares Marie-Adeline. 2011. Chinese and American oil companies and their environmental practices in Chad: A quiet confluence of streams or silence before the battle?. Cambridge : ESRC, 32 p.

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Abstract : Does the Chinese National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) intend to, and is it in a position to, engage in a race to the bottom regarding environmental standards and norms in Chad's oil sector? Based on recent empirical research, we will focus on the entangled relationships which are emerging following the arrival of CNPC in the Chadian oil sector (initially dominated by Exxon, a US oil major). Chinese environmental regulations in the oil sector and their increasing enforcement have resulted in a comprehensive and composite environmental management system, influenced by Chinese, international and local practices. When entering the Chadian oil sector in 2007, the CNPC thus appears to be well prepared to face comparison with the 'Exxon-Doba' project, a World Bank supported project (1998-2007). Large parts of the expected oil production in the CNPC fields will have to be exported. Among the several transport options available, the most viable appears to be using the pipeline built and administered by the Exxon consortium. The merger of the two oil streams appears as plausible but will put a burden on CNPC´s capacity to engage in meaningful dialogues with stakeholders and thus compete in the setting of new environmental best practices. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Politique de l'environnement, Entreprise étrangère, Pétrole, Industrie des corps gras, Réglementation, Gestion de l'environnement

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Tchad, Amériques, Chine

Classification Agris : P05 - Energy resources and management
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
P07 - Non-renewable energy resources

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Van Vliet Geert, CIRAD-ES-UMR ART-DEV (FRA)
  • Magrin Géraud, CIRAD-ES-UMR TETIS (FRA)
  • Yang Weiyong, University of International Business and Economics (CHN)
  • Maoundonodji Gilbert, GRAMP-TC (TCD)
  • Dittgen Romain, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (FRA)
  • Lin Yiran, Sciences Po (FRA)
  • Wang Fan, University of International Business and Economics (CHN)
  • Liang Guohuang, University of International Business and Economics (CHN)
  • Doudjidingao Antoine, GRAMP-TC (TCD)
  • Tavares Marie-Adeline, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/563066/)

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