Understanding the ecological drivers of avian influenza virus infection in wildfowl : A continental-scale study across Africa

Gaidet Nicolas, Caron Alexandre, Cappelle Julien, Cumming Graeme S., Balança Gilles, Hammoumi Saliha, Cattoli Giovanni, Abolnik Célia, Servan de Almeida Renata, Gil Patricia, Fereidouni Sasan R., Grosbois Vladimir, Tran Annelise, Mundava Josephine, Fofana Bouba, Ould El Mamy Ahmed Bezeid, Ndlovu Mduduzi, Mondain-Monval J.Y., Triplet Patrick, Hagemeijer Ward, Karesh William B., Newman Scott, Dodman Tim. 2012. Understanding the ecological drivers of avian influenza virus infection in wildfowl : A continental-scale study across Africa. Proceedings - Royal Society. Biological Sciences, 279 (1731) : pp. 1131-1141.

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ECOLOGY / Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : BIOLOGY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie

Abstract : Despite considerable effort for surveillance of wild birds for avian influenza viruses (AIVs), empirical investigations of ecological drivers of AIV prevalence in wild birds are still scarce. Here we used a continental-scale dataset, collected in tropical wetlands of 15 African countries, to test the relative roles of a range of ecological factors on patterns of AIV prevalence in wildfowl. Seasonal and geographical variations in prevalence were positively related to the local density of the wildfowl community and to the wintering period of Eurasian migratory birds in Africa. The predominant influence of wildfowl density with no influence of climatic conditions suggests, in contrast to temperate regions, a predominant role for inter-individual transmission rather than transmission via long-lived virus persisting in the environment. Higher prevalences were found in Anas species than in non-Anas species even when we account for differences in their foraging behaviour (primarily dabbling or not) or their geographical origin (Eurasian or Afro-tropical), suggesting the existence of intrinsic differences between wildfowl taxonomic groups in receptivity to infection. Birds were found infected as often in oropharyngeal as in cloacal samples, but rarely for both types of sample concurrently, indicating that both respiratory and digestive tracts may be important for AIV replication. Keywords: influenza A virus; pathogen transmission; disease ecology; wild birds; tropical; migration. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Influenzavirus aviaire, Oiseau, Animal sauvage, Épidémiologie, Climat tropical, Facteur du milieu, Migration animale, Transmission des maladies, Vecteur de maladie, Anas, Canard

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique, Eurasie

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
L20 - Animal ecology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2005-2013) - Santé animale et maladies émergentes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Gaidet Nicolas, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (FRA)
  • Caron Alexandre, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (ZWE) ORCID: 0000-0002-5213-3273
  • Cappelle Julien, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-7668-1971
  • Cumming Graeme S., UCT (ZAF)
  • Balança Gilles, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (FRA)
  • Hammoumi Saliha
  • Cattoli Giovanni, Istituto zooprofilattico sperimentale delle Venezie (ITA)
  • Abolnik Célia, OVI (ZAF)
  • Servan de Almeida Renata, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)
  • Gil Patricia, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)
  • Fereidouni Sasan R., FLI (DEU)
  • Grosbois Vladimir, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (FRA)
  • Tran Annelise, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-5463-332X
  • Mundava Josephine, National University of Science and Technology (ZWE)
  • Fofana Bouba, Ministère des eaux et forêts (Mali) (MLI)
  • Ould El Mamy Ahmed Bezeid, CNERV (MRT)
  • Ndlovu Mduduzi, UCT (ZAF)
  • Mondain-Monval J.Y., ONCFS (FRA)
  • Triplet Patrick, SMBS (FRA)
  • Hagemeijer Ward, Wetlands International (NLD)
  • Karesh William B., EcoHealth Alliance (USA)
  • Newman Scott, FAO (ITA)
  • Dodman Tim, Wetlands International (NLD)

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