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Trichoderma asperellum: A potential biocontrol agent for Pythium myriotylum, causal agent of cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) root rot disease in Cameroon

Mbarga Joseph Bienvenu, Ten Hoopen Gerben Martijn, Kuaté Jean, Adiobo A., Ngonkeu Eddy Léonard Mangaptché, Ambang Zachée, Akoa Amougou, Tondje Pierre R., Begoude B.A.D.. 2012. Trichoderma asperellum: A potential biocontrol agent for Pythium myriotylum, causal agent of cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) root rot disease in Cameroon. Crop Protection, 36 : pp. 18-22.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : AGRONOMY

Abstract : Root rot disease caused by Pythium myriotylum is a major threat to cocoyam cultivation in Cameroon. Control methods based on agricultural practices and chemical treatments have limitations. Since biocontrol is an interesting alternative, this study assessed the potential of four Trichoderma asperellum strains to control P. myriotylum. The antagonistic and mycoparasitic potential of the T. asperellum strains was evaluated in vitro through dual culture and interaction tests. Subsequently, the ability of T. asperellum to protect cocoyam plants from P. myriotylum infectionwas tested in vivo. Our results showed that all four T. asperellum strains were antagonistic to P. myriotylum, although differences were found among the strains. The growth of P. myriotylum was inhibited by more than 60%. Furthermore, the four T. asperellum strains were aggressive mycoparasites of P. myriotylum. In in vivo trials, pretreatment of cocoyam plants with the strains PR10 and PR11 of T. asperellum could reduce P. myriotylum infection by 50%. Both PR10 and PR11 strains of T. asperellum present promising biocontrol potential against P. myriotylum. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Trichoderma, Pythium myriotylum, Biopesticide, Lutte biologique, Xanthosoma sagittifolium

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Cameroun

Mots-clés complémentaires : Trichoderma asperellum

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Mbarga Joseph Bienvenu, IRAD (CMR)
  • Ten Hoopen Gerben Martijn, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Bioagresseurs : analyse et maîtrise du risque (CMR) ORCID: 0000-0003-2133-3130
  • Kuaté Jean, IRAD (CMR)
  • Adiobo A., IRAD (CMR)
  • Ngonkeu Eddy Léonard Mangaptché, IRAD (CMR)
  • Ambang Zachée, Université de Yaoundé (CMR)
  • Akoa Amougou, Université de Yaoundé (CMR)
  • Tondje Pierre R., IRAD (CMR)
  • Begoude B.A.D., IRAD (CMR)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/563826/)

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