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Dispersal processes underlying the recent pandemic caused by the plant pathogenic fungus Mycosphaerella fijiensis

Carlier Jean, Robert Stéphanie, Rieux Adrien, Halkett Fabien, Zapater Marie-Françoise, De Lapeyre de Bellaire Luc, Abadie Catherine, Ravigné Virginie. 2011. Dispersal processes underlying the recent pandemic caused by the plant pathogenic fungus Mycosphaerella fijiensis. In : 26th Fungal Genetics Conference, Asilomar, USA, March 15-20, 2011. s.l. : s.n., 1 p. Fungal Genetics Conference. 26, Asilomar, États-Unis, 15 March 2011/20 March 2011.

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Abstract : How plant pathogenic fungi spread is the first question to consider for understanding the emergence of diseases caused by such organisms. Mycosphaerella fijiensis causing the black leaf streak disease of banana is an example of a recent pandemic in agriculture and a good model to address this question in the case of an aerial plant pathogen. The pandemic started around 1960 from the South-East Asia. Samples from various populations around the world at different geographical scales were analyzed using nuclear sequence-based and microsatellite markers. Demographic events (founder effects or admixture) were detected at global and continental scales following introductions of the disease. These introductions were more likely due to movement of infected plant materials. At lower scale, the structure of the M. fijiensis populations in two recently (~1979-1980) colonised areas in Costa Rica and Cameroon was analysed. Genetic differentiation and isolation by distance (IBD) were detected in both countries along a ~250-300km-long transect, suggesting continuous range expansion through gradual dispersal of spores over a few hundred kilometres. Furthermore, a discontinuity in gene frequencies was observed along the Cameroon transect. A landscape genetic study was recently conducted around this discontinuity. No landscape features matched the genetic discontinuity supporting it could result from a demographic event during the spread of M.fijiensis in the country rather than a physical barrier impeding contemporary gene flow. The genetic structure observed in M. fijiensis populations at different geographical scales has allowed a better understanding of dispersal processes in such an organism. (Texte intégral)

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Carlier Jean, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA)
  • Robert Stéphanie, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA)
  • Rieux Adrien, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA)
  • Halkett Fabien, INRA (FRA)
  • Zapater Marie-Françoise, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA)
  • De Lapeyre de Bellaire Luc, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de culture bananes et ananas (FRA)
  • Abadie Catherine, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (GLP)
  • Ravigné Virginie, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-4252-2574

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/564380/)

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