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Combustion and gasification characteristics of chars from raw and torrefied biomass

Fisher E.M., Dupont Capucine, Darvell L.I., Commandre Jean-Michel, Saddawi A., Jones James W., Grateau Maguelone, Nocquet Timothée, Salvador Sylvain. 2012. Combustion and gasification characteristics of chars from raw and torrefied biomass. Bioresource Technology, 119 : pp. 157-165.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ENERGY & FUELS / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : BIOTECHNOLOGY & APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY

Abstract : Torrefaction is a mild thermal pretreatment (T < 300 °C) that improves biomass milling and storage properties. The impact of torrefaction on the gasification and oxidation reactivity of chars from torrefied and raw biomass was investigated. Thermogravimetric analysis was used to study the differences in O2 and steam reactivity, between chars prepared from torrefied and raw willow, under both high- and low-heating-rate conditions. High-heating-rate chars were prepared at 900 °C with a residence time of 2 s. Low-heating-rate chars were prepared with a heating rate of 33 °C/min, a maximum temperature of 850 or 1000 °C, and a residence time of 30 min or 1 h, respectively, at the maximum temperature. Pretreatment by torrefaction consistently reduced char reactivity. Torrefaction's impact was greatest for high-heating-rate chars, reducing reactivity by a factor of two to three. The effect of torrefaction on a residence time requirements for char burnout and gasification was estimated. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Charbon de bois, Biomasse, Gazéification, Torréfaction, Oxydation, Combustion, Bois

Mots-clés complémentaires : Cinétique

Classification Agris : K50 - Processing of forest products
P06 - Renewable energy resources

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 2 (2005-2013) - Biomasse énergie et sociétés du sud

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Fisher E.M., Cornell University (USA)
  • Dupont Capucine, CEA (FRA)
  • Darvell L.I., University of Leeds (GBR)
  • Commandre Jean-Michel, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Biomasse-énergie (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-9094-7879
  • Saddawi A., University of Leeds (GBR)
  • Jones James W., University of Leeds (GBR)
  • Grateau Maguelone, CEA (FRA)
  • Nocquet Timothée, CEA (FRA)
  • Salvador Sylvain, Ecole des mines d'Albi (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/564626/)

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