Local scale patterns of gene flow and genetic diversity in a crop-wild-weedy complex of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) under traditional agricultural field conditions in Kenya

Mutegi Evans, Sagnard Fabrice, Labuschagne M., Herselman L., Semagn Kassa, Deu Monique, De Villiers Santie, Kanyenji Ben M., Mwongera Caroline Njeri, Traoré P.C.S., Kiambi Dan. 2012. Local scale patterns of gene flow and genetic diversity in a crop-wild-weedy complex of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) under traditional agricultural field conditions in Kenya. Conservation Genetics, 13 (4) : pp. 1059-1071.

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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION / Quartile : Q3, Sujet : GENETICS & HEREDITY

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie

Abstract : Little information is available on the extent and patterns of gene flow and genetic diversity between cultivated sorghum and its wild related taxa under local agricultural conditions in Africa. As well as expanding knowledge on the evolutionary and domestication processes for sorghum, such information also has importance in biosafety, conservation and breeding programmes. Here, we examined the magnitude and dynamics of crop-wild gene flow and genetic variability in a crop-wild-weedy complex of sorghum under traditional farming in Meru South district, Kenya. We genotyped 110 cultivated sorghum, and 373 wild sorghum individuals using a panel of ten polymorphic microsatellite loci. We combined traditional measures of genetic diversity and differentiation with admixture analysis, population assignment, and analyses of spatial genetic structure to assess the extent and patterns of gene flow and diversity between cultivated and wild sorghum. Our results indicate that gene flow is asymmetric with higher rates from crop to wild forms than vice versa. Surprisingly, our data suggests that the two congeners have retained substantial genetic distinctness in the face of gene flow. Nevertheless, we found no significant differences in genetic diversity measures between them. Our study also did not find evidence of isolation by distance in cultivated or wild sorghum, which suggests that gene dispersal in the two conspecifics is not limited by geographic distance. Overall our study highlights likely escape and dispersal of transgenes within the sorghum crop-wild-weedy complex if genetically engineered varieties were to be introduced in Africa's traditional farming systems. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Sorghum bicolor, Flux de gènes, Variation génétique, Agriculture traditionnelle, Agroécosystème, Écologie, Plante sauvage, Plante de culture, Hybridation, Introgression

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Kenya

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F40 - Plant ecology
F70 - Plant taxonomy and geography

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Mutegi Evans, KARI (KEN)
  • Sagnard Fabrice
  • Labuschagne M., University of the Free State (ZAF)
  • Herselman L., University of the Free State (ZAF)
  • Semagn Kassa, CIMMYT (KEN)
  • Deu Monique, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • De Villiers Santie, KARI (KEN)
  • Kanyenji Ben M., KARI (KEN)
  • Mwongera Caroline Njeri
  • Traoré P.C.S., ICRISAT (MLI)
  • Kiambi Dan

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