Modeling potential equilibrium states of vegetation and terrestrial water cycle of Mesoamerica under climate change scenarios

Imbach Pablo, Molina Luis Guillermo, Locatelli Bruno, Roupsard Olivier, Mahé Gil, Neilson Ronald, Corrales Lenin, Scholze Marko, Ciais Philippe. 2012. Modeling potential equilibrium states of vegetation and terrestrial water cycle of Mesoamerica under climate change scenarios. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 13 (2) : pp. 665-680.

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Abstract : The likelihood and magnitude of the impacts of climate change on potential vegetation and the water cycle in Mesoamerica is evaluated. Mesoamerica is a global biodiversity hotspot with highly diverse topographic and climatic conditions and is among the tropical regions with the highest expected changes in precipitation and temperature under future climate scenarios. The biogeographic soil-vegetation-atmosphere model Mapped Atmosphere Plant Soil System (MAPSS) was used for simulating the integrated changes in leaf area index (LAI), vegetation types (grass, shrubs, and trees), evapotranspiration, and runoff at the end of the twenty-first century. Uncertainty was estimated as the likelihood of changes in vegetation and water cycle under three ensembles of model runs, one for each of the groups of greenhouse gas emission scenarios (low, intermediate, and high emissions), for a total of 136 runs generated with 23 general circulation models (GCMs). LAI is likely to decrease over 77%-89% of the region, depending on climate scenario groups, showing that potential vegetation will likely shift from humid to dry types. Accounting for potential effects of CO2 on water use efficiency significantly decreased impacts on LAI. Runoff will decrease across the region even in areas where precipitation increases (even under increased water use efficiency), as temperature change will increase evapotranspiration. Higher emission scenarios show lower uncertainty (higher likelihood) in modeled impacts. Although the projection spread is high for future precipitation, the impacts of climate change on vegetation and water cycle are predicted with relatively low uncertainty. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Changement climatique, Cycle hydrologique, Impact sur l'environnement, Modèle de simulation, Modèle mathématique, Relevé (des données), Relation plante sol, Relation plante eau, Ruissellement, Surface foliaire, Évapotranspiration, Précipitation, Température, Gaz à effet de serre, Végétation

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Amérique centrale

Mots-clés complémentaires : Indice foliaire, Cycle

Classification Agris : F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry
U10 - Mathematical and statistical methods
B10 - Geography
P40 - Meteorology and climatology
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2005-2013) - Agriculture, environnement, nature et sociétés

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Imbach Pablo, CATIE (CRI)
  • Molina Luis Guillermo, CATIE (CRI)
  • Locatelli Bruno, CIRAD-ES-UPR BSef (IDN) ORCID: 0000-0003-2983-1644
  • Roupsard Olivier, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (CRI)
  • Mahé Gil, IRD (FRA)
  • Neilson Ronald, USDA (USA)
  • Corrales Lenin, Nature Conservancy (CRI)
  • Scholze Marko, University of Bristol (GBR)
  • Ciais Philippe, Alterra Centrum Ecosystemen (NLD)

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