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Contrasting taxonomic and functional responses of a tropical tree community to selective logging

Baraloto Christopher, Hérault Bruno, Paine C. E. Timothy, Massot Hélène, Blanc Lilian, Bonal Damien, Molino Jean-François, Nicolini Eric-André, Sabatier Daniel. 2012. Contrasting taxonomic and functional responses of a tropical tree community to selective logging. Journal of Applied Ecology, 49 (4) : pp. 861-870.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ECOLOGY

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Economie-gestion

Abstract : 1. Considerable debate surrounds the extent to which tropical forests can be managed for resource extraction while conserving biodiversity and ecosystem properties, which depend on functional composition. Here we evaluate the compatibility of these aims by examining the effects of logging on taxonomic and functional diversity and composition in a tropical forest. 2. Twenty years after selective logging, we inventoried 4140 stems regenerating in logging gaps and adjacent undisturbed areas, and we integrated a database of 13 functional traits describing leaf and wood economics of tropical trees. 3. We found no differences in taxonomic and functional richness among habitats, but logging gaps had significantly higher taxonomic and functional evenness. 4. Logging also effected striking, long-term changes in both species and functional composition. In particular, the xylem density of recruits in logging gaps was 6% less than in unlogged forests, leaves were 11%less tough and had 6-13%greater mineral nutrient concentrations. 5. Synthesis and applications. Our results suggest that managers of tropical forests should limit overall surface area converted to logging gaps by creating fewer, larger gaps during selective logging, to reduce impacts on the taxonomic and functional composition of the regenerating stand. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : forêt tropicale, Biodiversité, Abattage d'arbres, Forêt, Taxonomie, Composition botanique, Morphologie végétale, Régénération naturelle, Aménagement forestier, Xylème, Densité, Croissance, Impact sur l'environnement, Exploitation forestière

Mots-clés complémentaires : Densité du bois

Classification Agris : K01 - Forestry - General aspects
F40 - Plant ecology
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
K10 - Forestry production
F70 - Plant taxonomy and geography

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2005-2013) - Agriculture, environnement, nature et sociétés

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Baraloto Christopher, INRA (GUF)
  • Hérault Bruno, UAG (GUF) ORCID: 0000-0002-6950-7286
  • Paine C. E. Timothy, AgroParisTech (FRA)
  • Massot Hélène, INRA (GUF)
  • Blanc Lilian, CIRAD-ES-UPR BSef (BRA)
  • Bonal Damien, INRA (FRA)
  • Molino Jean-François, IRD (FRA)
  • Nicolini Eric-André, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AMAP (GUF)
  • Sabatier Daniel, IRD (FRA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/564972/)

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