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Wide genetic diversity of Ralstonia solanacearum strains affecting tomato in Trinidad, West Indies

Ramsubhag A., Lawrence D., Cassie D., Fraser R., Umaharan Pathmanathan, Prior Philippe, Wicker Emmanuel. 2012. Wide genetic diversity of Ralstonia solanacearum strains affecting tomato in Trinidad, West Indies. Plant Pathology, 61 (5) : pp. 844-857.

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : AGRONOMY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : PLANT SCIENCES

Abstract : The genetic diversity of Ralstonia solanacearumcausing bacterial wilt of tomato in Trinidadwas assessed using the hierarchical phylotyping scheme and rep-PCRDNAfingerprinting. Seventy-one isolateswere collected in2003on infected tomato crops in the fourmain vegetable cropping areas ofTrinidad (North, Central, South-East and South).Two phylotypeswere present,with phylotype II being much more prevalent (66%) than phylotype I (34%). Phylotype II strains consistedmainly of sequevar 7 in Central and South-East, and sequevar 35 in North, South-East and South. This is the first report of sequevar 7 outside southeastern USA. In contrast, no 'brown rot' (phylotype IIB ? 1, race 3 biovar 2) or emerging strains of phylotype IIB ?4NPB were identified. Rep-PCR data were used to assess population genetic structure. No significant clustering by geographical distance was found, suggesting regular gene flow among cropping areas (via waterways, plant or soil). However, the population from Centralwas significantly differentiated fromthe others, containing only phylotype II ? seq 7 strains, with a high degree of clonality, suggesting a possible recent introduction from abroad. The South population was less aggressive and more genetically diverse, suggesting horizontal gene transfers within the population, even among isolates of different phylotypes. Phylotype I and phylotype II populations differed slightly in clonality levels, with indications of more frequent recombination eventswithin phylotype I populations. Possible factors influencing genetic diversity and distributionwithin the island are discussed. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Ralstonia solanacearum, Solanum lycopersicum, Variation génétique, Distance génétique, Phylogénie, Gène, Génétique des populations

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Trinité-et-Tobago

Mots-clés complémentaires : Flétrissement bactérien

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ramsubhag A., University of West Indies (TTO)
  • Lawrence D., University of West Indies (TTO)
  • Cassie D., University of West Indies (TTO)
  • Fraser R., University of West Indies (TTO)
  • Umaharan Pathmanathan, University of West Indies (TTO)
  • Prior Philippe, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Wicker Emmanuel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU) ORCID: 0000-0003-0927-7404

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/565318/)

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