Developmental dynamics and early growth vigour in rice 2. Modelling genetic diversity using ecomeristem

Luquet Delphine, Soulie Jean-Christophe, Rebolledo Maria Camila, Rouan Lauriane, Clément-Vidal Anne, Dingkuhn Michaël. 2012. Developmental dynamics and early growth vigour in rice 2. Modelling genetic diversity using ecomeristem. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 198 (5) : pp. 386-398.

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : AGRONOMY

Abstract : Early vigour is an important objective in rice breeding. A previous study reported strong positive effects of development rate (DR, 1/phyllochron) on early growth vigour in two rice panels. This study provided a model-based analysis of DR effects on rice early vigour and underlying source-sink processes during exponential growth, using Ecomeristem model. Relevant model parameters were fitted to panel observations, and their effect on early vigour was quantified. A sensitivity analysis was performed to quantify the impact of model parameters on simulation outputs. The simulated behaviour of a population of virtual genotypes defined by the combination of model parameter values was compared with that of diversity panel. Finally, a simulation experiment was conducted to analyse source-sink adjustments constituting early vigour across a range of DR. Parameters governing structural development, particularly DR, had greater impact on vigour than parameters for resource acquisition. High DR was associated with rapid dry weight accumulation and low transitory carbohydrate reserves in both real and virtual populations. Genotypic DR is thus a major driver of early vigour in rice under stress-free conditions. To evaluate traits contributing to vigour, the capacity of crop models to simulate interactions between structural development and resource acquisition must be improved. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Oryza sativa, Morphogénèse, Vigueur, Précocité, Génotype, Modèle de simulation, Modélisation des cultures, Variation génétique, Carbone, Développement biologique

Mots-clés complémentaires : Source-puits

Classification Agris : F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development
U10 - Computer science, mathematics and statistics
F50 - Plant structure

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Luquet Delphine, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-2543-7140
  • Soulie Jean-Christophe, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-2904-9548
  • Rebolledo Maria Camila, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Rouan Lauriane, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Clément-Vidal Anne, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Dingkuhn Michaël, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)

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