Genetic architecture of sexual selection: QTL mapping of male song and female receiver traits in an acoustic moth

Limousin Denis, Streiff Réjane, Courtois Brigitte, Dupuy Virginie, Alem Sylvain, Greenfield Michael D.. 2012. Genetic architecture of sexual selection: QTL mapping of male song and female receiver traits in an acoustic moth. PloS One, 7 (9):e44554, 13 p.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie; Staps

Abstract : Models of indirect (genetic) benefits sexual selection predict linkage disequilibria between genes that influence male traits and female preferences, owing to non-random mate choice or physical linkage. Such linkage disequilibria can accelerate the evolution of traits and preferences to exaggerated levels. Both theory and recent empirical findings on species recognition suggest that such linkage disequilibria may result from physical linkage or pleiotropy, but very little work has addressed this possibility within the context of sexual selection. We studied the genetic architecture of sexually selected traits by analyzing signals and preferences in an acoustic moth, Achroia grisella, in which males attract females with a train of ultrasound pulses and females prefer loud songs and a fast pulse rhythm. Both male signal characters and female preferences are repeatable and heritable traits. Moreover, female choice is based largely on male song, while males do not appear to provide direct benefits at mating. Thus, some genetic correlation between song and preference traits is expected. We employed a standard crossing design between inbred lines and used AFLP markers to build a linkage map for this species and locate quantitative trait loci (QTL) that influence male song and female preference. Our analyses mostly revealed QTLs of moderate strength that influence various male signal and female receiver traits, but one QTL was found that exerts a major influence on the pulse-pair rate of male song, a critical trait in female attraction. However, we found no evidence of specific colocalization of QTLs influencing male signal and female receiver traits on the same linkage groups. This finding suggests that the sexual selection process would proceed at a modest rate in A. grisella and that evolution toward exaggerated character states may be tempered. We suggest that this equilibrium state may be more the norm than the exception among animal species. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Pyralidae, Comportement sexuel, Génétique des populations, Son (acoustique), Locus des caractères quantitatifs

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Floride, Kansas

Mots-clés complémentaires : QTL, Achroia grisella

Classification Agris : L72 - Pests of animals

Champ stratégique Cirad : Hors axes (2005-2013)

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Limousin Denis, Université François Rabelais (FRA)
  • Streiff Réjane, INRA (FRA)
  • Courtois Brigitte, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-2118-7102
  • Dupuy Virginie, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)
  • Alem Sylvain, Université François Rabelais (FRA)
  • Greenfield Michael D., Université François Rabelais (FRA)

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