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The use of Erianthus arundinaceus as a trap crop for the stem borer Chilo sacchariphagus reduces yield losses in sugarcane: Preliminary results

Nibouche Samuel, Tibere Richard, Costet Laurent. 2012. The use of Erianthus arundinaceus as a trap crop for the stem borer Chilo sacchariphagus reduces yield losses in sugarcane: Preliminary results. Crop Protection, 42 : pp. 10-15.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : AGRONOMY

Abstract : The oviposition preference of Chilo sacchariphagus (Bojer) (Lepidoptera, Crambidae) to Erianthus arundinaceus (Retz.) Jeswiet (Poaceae) was tested against sugarcane (Saccharum spp. hybrids) to assess whether effective control of the pest can be achieved in the field by using perimeter trap cropping with this plant species. Results from large cage and greenhouse experiments showed that E. arundinaceus clone 28NG7 acted as a dead-end trap plant, attracting oviposition by C. sacchariphagus females and hosting young larvae in terminal green leaves, but reducing by 4.8- to 7.5-fold the survival rate of larvae in stalk. Two field trials demonstrated the efficiency of trap cropping with E. arundinaceus, with a 2 to 9-fold reduction in number of bored internodes per stalk and a 22% mean increase in cane yield. In a third field trial, reduction of injury was observed up to 40 m from the E. arundinaceus border. We conclude that trap cropping with E. arundinaceus may reduce C. sacchariphagus damage in sugarcane crop. Further trials are needed to confirm these results in commercial fields. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Chilo sacchariphagus, Erianthus arundinaceus, Saccharum officinarum, Lutte biologique, Piège

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Réunion

Mots-clés complémentaires : Plante piège

Classification Agris : H10 - Pests of plants

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

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Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/565825/)

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