Physiological and biochemical response to photooxidative stress of the fundamental citrus species

Santini Jérémie, Giannettini Jean, Herbette Stéphane, Pailly Olivier, Ollitrault Patrick, Luro François, Berti Liliane. 2012. Physiological and biochemical response to photooxidative stress of the fundamental citrus species. Scientia Horticulturae, 147n12 : pp. 126-135.

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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : HORTICULTURE

Abstract : Despite the economic importance of citrus, insights on the genetic response to stress are scarce. The aim of the present study was to compare fundamental citrus species for their response to photooxidative stress. The experiment was conducted under orchard conditions on three fundamental citrus species C. medica L., C. reticulata Blanco and C. maxima (Burm.) Merr., and on Fortunella japonica (Thunb.) Swing. We examined their respective net photosynthesis (Pnet), stomatal conductance (Gs) and chlorophyll fluorescence (Fv/Fm) on sun-acclimated leaves and shade-acclimated leaves returned under natural sunlight irradiance. To compare the respective response mechanism, we analyzed changes in oxidative status (hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and malondialdehyde (MDA)), reactive oxygen species (ROS)-scavenging enzymes (superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, ascorbate peroxidase), recycling enzymes (monodehydroascorbate reductase, dehydroascorbate reductase and glutathione reductase) and antioxidant metabolites (ascorbate and glutathione). Kumquat and pummelo exposed lower down-regulation and full recovery of photosynthetic parameters, lower accumulation of oxidized compounds associated with greater production of reduced glutathione (Gsh) and enhanced activity of the three ROS scavenging enzymes, especially SOD. Citron and mandarin showed a marked decrease and incomplete recovery in photosynthetic performance, mainly in Pnet and Fv/Fm, larger accumulation of oxidative parameters, slighter induction of antioxidant enzymes and down-regulation of reduced ascorbate (Asa) and Gsh synthesis. These results suggest that kumquat and pummelo have a greater tolerance to photooxidative stress than citron and mandarin. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Photo-oxydation, Stress, Physiologie végétale, Agrume, Fortunella japonica, Citrus maxima, Citrus medica, Citrus reticulata

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Corse

Classification Agris : F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Santini Jérémie, INRA (FRA)
  • Giannettini Jean, CNRS (FRA)
  • Herbette Stéphane, INRA (FRA)
  • Pailly Olivier, INRA (FRA)
  • Ollitrault Patrick, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (ESP) ORCID: 0000-0002-9456-5517
  • Luro François, INRA (FRA)
  • Berti Liliane, CNRS (FRA)

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