Linking avian communities and avian influenza ecology in southern Africa using epidemiological functional groups

Caron Alexandre, De Garine-Wichatitsky Michel, Ndlovu Mduduzi, Cumming Graeme S.. 2012. Linking avian communities and avian influenza ecology in southern Africa using epidemiological functional groups. Veterinary Research, 43 (73), 11 p.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
Published version - Anglais
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Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : VETERINARY SCIENCES

Abstract : The ecology of pathogens, and particularly their emergence in multi-host systems, is complex. New approaches are needed to reduce superficial complexities to a level that still allows scientists to analyse underlying and more fundamental processes. One promising approach for simplification is to use an epidemiological-function classification to describe ecological diversity in a way that relates directly to pathogen dynamics. In this article, we develop and apply the epidemiological functional group (EFG) concept to explore the relationships between wild bird communities and avian influenza virus (AIV) in three ecosystems in southern Africa. Using a two year dataset that combined bird counts and bimonthly sampling for AIV, we allocated each bird species to a set of EFGs that captured two overarching epidemiological functions: the capacity of species to maintain AIV in the system, and their potential to introduce the virus. Comparing AIV prevalence between EFGs suggested that the hypothesis that anseriforms (ducks) and charadriiforms (waders) drive AIV epidemiology cannot entirely explain the high prevalence observed in some EFGs. If anseriforms do play an important role in AIV dynamics in each of the three ecosystems, the role of other species in the local maintenance of AIV cannot be ruled out. The EFG concept thus helped us to identify gaps in knowledge and to highlight understudied bird groups that might play a role in AIV epidemiology. In general, the use of EFGs has potential for generating a range of valuable insights in epidemiology, just as functional group approaches have done in ecology. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Influenzavirus aviaire, Épidémiologie, Écosystème, Oiseau, Animal sauvage, Surveillance épidémiologique, Anseriformes, Charadriiformes, Relation hôte pathogène

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique du Sud, Zimbabwe

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
L20 - Animal ecology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2005-2013) - Santé animale et maladies émergentes

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