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Characterization of health and environmental risks of pesticide use in market-gardening in the rural city of Tori-Bossito in Benin, West Africa

Ahouangninou Claude, Martin Thibaud, Edorh Patrick, Bio-Bangana Sahabi, Samuel Onil, St-Laurent Louis, Dion Sylvain, Fayomi Benjamin. 2012. Characterization of health and environmental risks of pesticide use in market-gardening in the rural city of Tori-Bossito in Benin, West Africa. Journal of Environmental Protection, 3 (3) : pp. 241-248.

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Abstract : A study on the use of pesticides in market-gardening production was carried out on 108 market-gardeners in the rural city of Tori-Bossito in Southern Benin. The objective of the study was to characterize the potential risks of pesticides usage by farmers and the impacts on their health and on the environment. Two risk indexes were calculated for each pesticide: an environmental risk index (ERI) and a health risk index (HRI). First stage larva of the mosquito Aedes ae-gypti were used as bio-indicator for detecting insecticide residue in vegetable before their harvesting on the farms. The highest ERI were obtained for carbofuran, chlorpyriphos ethyl and endosulfan. Pesticide residues were found in 42% of the samples of leaves of eggplant, cucumber, amaranth and solanum. Vegetables growers used pesticides that may be highly hazardous and which were not registered in most cases. These situations could have unexpected consequences including the exposure of consumers to health hazards. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Pesticide, Danger pour la santé, Agriculteur, Consommateur, Impact sur l'environnement, Légume, Résidu, Animal indicateur, Aedes aegypti

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Bénin

Classification Agris : Q03 - Food contamination and toxicology
T01 - Pollution
H01 - Protection of plants - General aspects
T10 - Occupational diseases and hazards

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ahouangninou Claude, UAC (BEN)
  • Martin Thibaud, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (FRA)
  • Edorh Patrick, UAC (BEN)
  • Bio-Bangana Sahabi, UAC (BEN)
  • Samuel Onil, Institut national de santé publique du Québec (CAN)
  • St-Laurent Louis, Institut national de santé publique du Québec (CAN)
  • Dion Sylvain, Ministère du Développement Durable, de l'Environnement et des Parcs (Canada) (CAN)
  • Fayomi Benjamin, UAC (BEN)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/566643/)

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