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Epidemiological assessment of cassava mosaic disease in Central African Republic reveals the importance of mixed viral infection and poor health of plant cuttings

Zinga Innocent, Chiroleu Frédéric, Legg James, Lefeuvre Pierre, Komba Ephrem Kosh, Semballa Silla, Yandia Simplice P., Mandakombo Noella, Reynaud Bernard, Lett Jean-Michel. 2013. Epidemiological assessment of cassava mosaic disease in Central African Republic reveals the importance of mixed viral infection and poor health of plant cuttings. Crop Protection, 44 : pp. 6-12.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : AGRONOMY

Abstract : Cassava is a vital crop in Africa and represents the main food crop in Central African Republic (CAR). CAR has recently faced large reductions in cassava yields that have led to a surge in market prices. To better understand the causes of the reduction in yield, we identified biotic constraints to cassava production by means of a large-scale plant epidemiological survey conducted in 2007 and 2008. Standard protocols were used for the assessment of the major cassava pests and diseases. Cassava mosaic disease (CMD) was shown to be the most serious constraint to cassava in CAR, with symptoms observed at all localities surveyed. CMD is distributed throughout the country, with an average incidence of 85%. Importantly, 94% of diseased plants had cutting-derived CMD infection suggesting that farmers mostly use virus-infected cuttings for planting. PCR amplification and direct sequencing of partial fragments of the Rep ORF revealed that the causal agents of CMD in CAR are African cassava mosaic virus (ACMV) and the Uganda strain of East African cassava mosaic virus (EACMV-UG). We also demonstrated that 58% of CMD samples present mixed infections (ACMV and EACMV-UG) and that these samples had significantly higher symptom severities. Our results suggest that mixed infection and synergism between CMGs, could be an important feature in the yield reduction of cassava plants in CAR, similar to the other severe CMD epidemics reported in East Africa. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Manihot esculenta, Rendement des cultures, Épidémiologie, Virus mosaïque manioc, Maladie des plantes, Bouture, Contrôle de maladies

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : République centrafricaine

Mots-clés complémentaires : Virus de la mosaïque africaine

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Zinga Innocent, Université de Bangui (CAF)
  • Chiroleu Frédéric, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU) ORCID: 0000-0002-4874-5357
  • Legg James, IITA (TZA)
  • Lefeuvre Pierre, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Komba Ephrem Kosh, Université de Bangui (CAF)
  • Semballa Silla, Université de Bangui (CAF)
  • Yandia Simplice P., Université de Bangui (CAF)
  • Mandakombo Noella, Université de Bangui (CAF)
  • Reynaud Bernard, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Lett Jean-Michel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/566775/)

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