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Banana and plantain (Musa spp.) cultivar preference, local processing techniques and consumption patterns in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo

Ekesa Béatrice, Kimiywe Judith, Davey Mark W., Dhuique-Mayer Claudie, Van den Berg Inge, Karamura Deborah, Blomme Guy. 2012. Banana and plantain (Musa spp.) cultivar preference, local processing techniques and consumption patterns in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. International Journal of Agriculture Sciences, 4 (8) : pp. 312-319.

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Abstract : This cross-sectional study carried out in North Kivu (NK) and South Kivu (SK) of the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo aimed to identify the most preferred Musa cultivars, their processing/cooking methods and Musa consumption patterns among rural households. Our results showed that the preferred cooking banana varieties included yellow-pulped AAA-East African Highland bananas [EAHB] 'Nshikazi' (SK) and 'Vulambya' (NK), which were valued for their cooking qualities, large bunches and suitability for production of banana beer. The preferred plantains were orange-pulped and included 'Musheba' (SK) and 'Musilongo' (NK) and were preferred for their short maturation period, large bunches and higher market prices. Over 60% of the households examined had consumed EAHB within 24 hours, whereas <10% had consumed plantains. The most common cooking method was simple boiling of bananas/plantains and main accompaniments include beans and amaranth leaves. Over 69% of surveyed households that had consumed Musa products had con-sumed them boiled. The majority of the households (90%) obtained banana/plantains from their farms, and >55% of households from SK and NK consumed banana products between 2 and 4 times/week. This information will be used to help direct researchers on the Musa cultivars that could be further sampled for carotenoid analysis and those found to be rich could be used in the fast-tracking approach to reduce Vitamin A deficiency. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Banane, Banane plantain, Variété, Cuisson, Consommation alimentaire, Préférence alimentaire, Traitement

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : République démocratique du Congo

Classification Agris : E73 - Consumer economics
Q02 - Food processing and preservation
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Axe stratégique Cirad : Axe 3 (2005-2013) - Alimentation accessible et de qualité

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ekesa Béatrice, Bioversity International (UGA)
  • Kimiywe Judith, Kenyatta University (KEN)
  • Davey Mark W., KUL (BEL)
  • Dhuique-Mayer Claudie, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA)
  • Van den Berg Inge, Bioversity International (FRA)
  • Karamura Deborah, Bioversity International (UGA)
  • Blomme Guy, Bioversity International (UGA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/567050/)

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