High prevalence of hepatitis E in humans and pigs and evidence of genotype-3 virus in swine, Madagascar

Temmam Sarah, Besnard Lydia, Andriamandimby Soa Fy, Foray Coralie, Rasamoelina-Andriamanivo Harentsoaniaina, Héraud Jean Michel, Cardinale Eric, Dellagi Koussay, Pavio Nicole, Pascalis Hervé, Porphyre Vincent. 2013. High prevalence of hepatitis E in humans and pigs and evidence of genotype-3 virus in swine, Madagascar. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 88 (2) : pp. 329-338.

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Abstract : Hepatitis E virus (HEV) causes an orofecal disease transmitted through poor hygiene environments, contaminated food (mainly pork products), or by contacts with infected animals. Very little data are currently available regarding the disease in the Southwestern Indian Ocean Islands. We report the first sero- and viro-survey for HEV in human and swine in Madagascar. A seroprevalence rate of 14.1% (60 of 427) was measured in slaughterhouse workers. Seroprevalence to HEV in pigs was estimated to 71.2% (178 of 250), strongly suggesting the existence of a zoonotic cycle. Three out of 250 pig livers (1.2%) tested HEV RNA-positive by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Phylogenetic analyses based on 1-kb sequences of the ORF 2-3 identified these viruses as HEV genotype 3. Sequences clustered in a distinct Malagasy sub-clade, possibly representative of a new sub-genotype, for which the date of emergence was estimated around 1989. Further studies are needed to confirm other transmission routes of HEV to humans, especially through non-zoonotic cycles.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Hépatite, Porcin, Genre humain, Virologie, Sérologie, Identification, Génotype, Séquence nucléotidique, Enquête pathologique, Abattoir, Travailleur, Transmission des maladies, zoonose, Analyse du risque, Danger pour la santé

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Madagascar

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
000 - Other themes

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2005-2013) - Santé animale et maladies émergentes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Temmam Sarah, CRVOI (REU)
  • Besnard Lydia
  • Andriamandimby Soa Fy
  • Foray Coralie, CRVOI (REU)
  • Rasamoelina-Andriamanivo Harentsoaniaina
  • Héraud Jean Michel
  • Cardinale Eric, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (REU) ORCID: 0000-0002-3434-3541
  • Dellagi Koussay, CRVOI (REU)
  • Pavio Nicole, ANSES (FRA)
  • Pascalis Hervé, CRVOI (REU)
  • Porphyre Vincent, CIRAD-ES-UMR SELMET (REU) ORCID: 0000-0002-5561-2667

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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