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Physiological analysis of salt stress behaviour of citrus species and genera: low chloride accumulation as an indicator of salt tolerance : S08O07

Hussein S., Luro François, Costantino Gilles, Ollitrault Patrick, Morillon Raphaël. 2012. Physiological analysis of salt stress behaviour of citrus species and genera: low chloride accumulation as an indicator of salt tolerance : S08O07. In : XII International Citrus Congress : Book of abstract. Navarro Luis (ed.). ISC, IVIA, Fundación agroalimed. Riverside : ISC, Résumé, p. 119. International Citrus congress "Citrus and health. 12, Valence, Espagne, 18 November 2012/23 November 2012.

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Abstract : Tolerant citrus rootstocks are defined as Cl- excluders. However, little is known about the salt tolerance of cultivars used as scions, particularly the tolerance of monoembryonic citrus genotypes. To enhance the genetic resources for generating improved hybrid rootstocks, the evaluation of large samples of citrus species, including both monoembryonic and polyembryonic genotypes, is necessary. In this study, 12 citrus genotypes representing the major Citrus species and all the three genera of the Rutaceae family were subjected to moderate salt stress (75mM) for 12 weeks to characterise their physiological response to salt stress. Various symptoms and physiological parameters were evaluated to characterise their salt sensitivity. These included plant growth (stem diameter), leaf chlorophyll content, leaf flavonoid content, maximum quantum yield of PSII [(Fm-F0)/Fm)], net photosynthesis, stomatal conductance and leaf Na and Cl- contents. The results clearly demonstrated that the most salt sensitive genotypes accumulated high concentrations of Na and Cl- and maintained a fair growth and photosynthetic rate. By contrast, salt-tolerant genotypes accumulated less Na and Cl- and decreased their growth and gas exchange. 'Poncire commun' citron and 'Marumi' kumquat were the most sensitive species, while mandarins, pummelo and 'Australian' sour orange were the most tolerant species. Among the genotypes, 'Engedi' pummelo presented a specific trait for salt tolerance that has not been previously reported. Taken together, the results suggest that low leaf chloride content can be used as an indicator of salt stress tolerance in citrus genotypes. Exploitation of this indicator will enable the improved evaluation of citrus genetic resources and should lead to the identification of new sources of tolerance for rootstock breeding. (Texte intégral)

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
H50 - Miscellaneous plant disorders
F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Hussein S., Bahauddin Zakariya University (PAK)
  • Luro François, INRA (FRA)
  • Costantino Gilles, INRA (FRA)
  • Ollitrault Patrick, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (ESP) ORCID: 0000-0002-9456-5517
  • Morillon Raphaël, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (ESP)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/567332/)

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