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Age-related changes in litter inputs explain annual trends in soil CO2 effluxes over a full Eucalyptus rotation vafter afforestation of a tropical savannah

Age-related changes in litter inputs explain annual trends in soil CO2 effluxes over a full Eucalyptus rotation vafter afforestation of a tropical savannah. Nouvellon Yann, Epron Daniel, Marsden Claire, Kinana Antoine, Le Maire Guerric, Deleporte Philippe, Saint André Laurent, Bouillet Jean-Pierre, Laclau Jean-Paul. 2012. Biogeochemistry, 111 (1-3) : 515-533.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10533-011-9685-9

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Article de revue ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact

Quartile : Q1, Sujet : GEOSCIENCES, MULTIDISCIPLINARY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Résumé : Land use changes such as savannah afforestation with eucalypts impact the soil carbon (C) balance, therefore affecting soil CO2 efflux (Fs), a major flux in the global C cycle. We tested the hypothesis that Fs increases with stand age after afforestation, due to an increasing input of fresh organic matter to the forest floor. In a Eucalyptus plantation established on coastal savannahs in Congo, bimonthly measurements of Fs were carried out for 1 year on three adjacent stands aged 0.9, 4.4 and 13.7 years and presenting similar growth patterns. Litterfall and litter accumulation on the forest floor were quantified over a chronosequence. Equations were derived to estimate the contribution of litter decomposition to Fs throughout the rotation. Litterfall increased with stand age after savannah afforestation. Fs, that was strongly correlated on a seasonal basis with soil water content (SWC) in all stands, decreased between ages 0.9 year and 4.4 years due to savannah residue depletion, and increased between ages 4.4 years and 13.7 years, mainly because of an increasing amount of decomposing eucalypt litter. The aboveground litter layer therefore appeared as a major source of CO2, whose contribution to Fs in old stands was estimated to be about four times higher than that of the eucalypt-derived soil organic C pool. The high litter contribution to Fs in older stands might explain why 13.7 years-old stand Fs was limited by moisture all year round whereas SWC did not limit Fs for large parts of the year in the youngest stands. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Eucalyptus, Plantation forestière, Litière forestière, Reconstitution forestière, Savane, Couverture végétale, Rotation de coupe, Âge, Cycle du carbone, Matière organique du sol, Transport des substances nutritives

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Brésil

Classification Agris : K10 - Production forestière
P33 - Chimie et physique du sol
F61 - Physiologie végétale : nutrition

Axe stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Nouvellon Yann, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (BRA)
  • Epron Daniel, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (FRA)
  • Marsden Claire, IRC [Institut des régions chaudes] (FRA)
  • Kinana Antoine, CRDPI (COG)
  • Le Maire Guerric, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (FRA)
  • Deleporte Philippe, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (FRA)
  • Saint André Laurent, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (FRA)
  • Bouillet Jean-Pierre, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (BRA)
  • Laclau Jean-Paul, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (BRA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop

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