Multitemporal Observations of Sugarcane by TerraSAR-X Images

Baghdadi Nicolas, Cresson Rémi, Todoroff Pierre, Moinet Soizic. 2010. Multitemporal Observations of Sugarcane by TerraSAR-X Images. Sensors, 10 (10) : pp. 8899-8919.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
Published version - Anglais
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : INSTRUMENTS & INSTRUMENTATION / Quartile : Q3, Sujet : CHEMISTRY, ANALYTICAL / Quartile : Q3, Sujet : ELECTROCHEMISTRY

Abstract : The objective of this study is to investigate the potential of TerraSAR-X (X-band) in monitoring sugarcane growth on Reunion Island (located in the Indian Ocean). Multi-temporal TerraSAR data acquired at various incidence angles (17°, 31°, 37°, 47°, 58°) and polarizations (HH, HV, VV) were analyzed in order to study the behaviour of SAR (synthetic aperture radar) signal as a function of sugarcane height and NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index). The potential of TerraSAR for mapping the sugarcane harvest was also studied. Radar signal increased quickly with crop height until a threshold height, which depended on polarization and incidence angle. Beyond this threshold, the signal increased only slightly, remained constant, or even decreased. The threshold height is slightly higher with cross polarization and higher incidence angles (47° in comparison with 17° and 31°). Results also showed that the co-polarizations channels (HH and VV) were well correlated. High correlation between SAR signal and NDVI calculated from SPOT-4/5 images was observed. TerraSAR data showed that after strong rains the soil contribution to the backscattering of sugarcane fields can be important for canes with heights of terminal visible dewlap (htvd) less than 50 cm (total cane heights around 155 cm). This increase in radar signal after strong rains could involve an ambiguity between young and mature canes. Indeed, the radar signal on TerraSAR images acquired in wet soil conditions could be of the same order for fields recently harvested and mature sugarcane fields, making difficult the detection of cuts. Finally, TerraSAR data at high spatial resolution were shown to be useful for monitoring sugarcane harvest when the fields are of small size. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Saccharum officinarum, Télédétection, Radar, Surveillance des cultures, Stade de développement végétal, Récolte, Imagerie par satellite, Image spot

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Réunion

Classification Agris : U40 - Surveying methods
F01 - Crop husbandry

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Baghdadi Nicolas, CEMAGREF (FRA)
  • Cresson Rémi, CEMAGREF (FRA)
  • Todoroff Pierre, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR SCA (REU)
  • Moinet Soizic, CEMAGREF (FRA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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