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Lactation curves of dairy camels in an intensive system

Musaad Abdelgader, Faye Bernard, Nikhela Abdelmoneim Abu. 2013. Lactation curves of dairy camels in an intensive system. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 45 (4) : pp. 1039-1046.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : AGRICULTURE, DAIRY & ANIMAL SCIENCE / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : VETERINARY SCIENCES

Abstract : Weekly milk records of 47 she-camels in a multibreed dairy camel herd were collected for over a period of 5 years. A total of 72 lactation curves were defined, and relationships with parity, calving season, lactation length, milk production level, following lactations, and dam weight were analyzed. Overall mean values were milk yield up to 12 months, 1,970±790 l; lactation length, 12.5 months; persistency, 94.7 %; weekly peak yield, 50.7 l; monthly peak yield, 220±90 l; and the number of weeks to reach peak yield, 28. The highest productivity was recorded in summer with a weekly mean of 48.2±19.4 l, compared with 34.1±16.3 l in winter. The highest average yield recorded was for camels at sixth parity, whereas the highest weekly peak was at eighth parity, and highest persistency at fifth parity. Camels that calved during the cold months (November to February) were most productives, with the highest persistency, peak yield, and longest lactation length. Four types of curves were identified corresponding to different parities and milk yield levels. Based on these data, specific models for camels are proposed. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Dromadaire, Lactation, Rendement laitier, Durée de la lactation, Variation saisonnière, Parturition, Production laitière, Lait de chamelle

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Arabie Saoudite

Mots-clés complémentaires : Camelus dromedarius

Classification Agris : L53 - Animal physiology - Reproduction
L50 - Animal physiology and biochemistry

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Musaad Abdelgader, Range Protection and Improvement Center in Al-Jouf Area (SAU)
  • Faye Bernard, CIRAD-ES-UMR SELMET (SAU)
  • Nikhela Abdelmoneim Abu, University of Khartoum (SDN)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/568351/)

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