What controls fleshy fruit acidity? A review of malate and citrate accumulation in fruit cells

Etienne Audrey, Génard Michel, Lobit Philippe, Mbéguié-A-Mbéguié Didier, Bugaud Christophe. 2013. What controls fleshy fruit acidity? A review of malate and citrate accumulation in fruit cells. Journal of Experimental Botany, 64 (6) : pp. 1451-1469.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : PLANT SCIENCES

Abstract : Fleshy fruit acidity is an important component of fruit organoleptic quality and is mainly due to the presence of malic and citric acids, the main organic acids found in most ripe fruits. The accumulation of these two acids in fruit cells is the result of several interlinked processes that take place in different compartments of the cell and appear to be under the control of many factors. This review combines analyses of transcriptomic, metabolomic, and proteomic data, and fruit process-based simulation models of the accumulation of citric and malic acids, to further our understanding of the physiological mechanisms likely to control the accumulation of these two acids during fruit development. The effects of agro-environmental factors, such as the source:sink ratio, water supply, mineral nutrition, and temperature, on citric and malic acid accumulation in fruit cells have been reported in several agronomic studies. This review sheds light on the interactions between these factors and the metabolism and storage of organic acids in the cell. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : fruits, Pulpe de fruits, Qualité, Acidité, Malate, Citrate, Acide malique, Acide citrique, Métabolisme, Facteur du milieu, Stockage, Vacuole, Mitochondrie, Respiration cellulaire, Physiologie végétale

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : France

Classification Agris : F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 3 (2005-2013) - Alimentation accessible et de qualité

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Etienne Audrey, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (MTQ)
  • Génard Michel, INRA (FRA)
  • Lobit Philippe, INIFAP (MEX)
  • Mbéguié-A-Mbéguié Didier, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (GLP) ORCID: 0000-0002-9256-3999
  • Bugaud Christophe, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (MTQ)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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