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Climate change and the spread of vector-borne diseases: using approximate Bayesian computation to compare invasion scenarios for the bluetongue virus vector Culicoides imicola in Italy

Mardulyn Patrick, Goffredo Maria, Conte Ann Amaria, Hendrickx Guy, Meiswinkel Rudolf, Balenghien Thomas, Sghaier Soufien, Lohr Youssef, Gilbert Marius. 2013. Climate change and the spread of vector-borne diseases: using approximate Bayesian computation to compare invasion scenarios for the bluetongue virus vector Culicoides imicola in Italy. Molecular Ecology, 22 (9) : pp. 2456-2466.

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ECOLOGY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie

Abstract : Bluetongue (BT) is a commonly cited example of a disease with a distribution believed to have recently expanded in response to global warming. The BT virus is transmitted to ruminants by biting midges of the genus Culicoides, and it has been hypothesized that the emergence of BT in Mediterranean Europe during the last two decades is a consequence of the recent colonization of the region by Culicoides imicola and linked to climate change. To better understand the mechanism responsible for the northward spread of BT, we tested the hypothesis of a recent colonization of Italy by C. imicola, by obtaining samples from more than 60 localities across Italy, Corsica, Southern France, and Northern Africa (the hypothesized source point for the recent invasion of C. imicola), and by genotyping them with 10 newly identified microsatellite loci. The patterns of genetic variation within and among the sampled populations were characterized and used in a rigorous approximate Bayesian computation framework to compare three competing historical hypotheses related to the arrival and establishment of C. imicola in Italy. The hypothesis of an ancient presence of the insect vector was strongly favoured by this analysis, with an associated P _ 99%, suggesting that causes other than the northward range expansion of C. imicola may have supported the emergence of BT in southern Europe. Overall, this study illustrates the potential of molecular genetic markers for exploring the assumed link between climate change and the spread of diseases. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Culicoides, Fièvre catarrhale du mouton, Virus bluetongue, Changement climatique, Transmission des maladies, Maladie transmise par vecteur, Évaluation du risque, Espèce envahissante, Marqueur génétique, Génétique des populations, Microsatellite, Modèle mathématique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Italie, Région méditerranéenne, Corse, Afrique du Nord

Mots-clés complémentaires : Émergence, Culicoides imicola

Classification Agris : L72 - Pests of animals
L73 - Animal diseases
U10 - Computer science, mathematics and statistics
P40 - Meteorology and climatology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2005-2013) - Santé animale et maladies émergentes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Mardulyn Patrick, ULB (BEL)
  • Goffredo Maria, IZSA&M (ITA)
  • Conte Ann Amaria, IZSA&M (ITA)
  • Hendrickx Guy, Agriculture and Veterinary Information and Analysis (BEL)
  • Meiswinkel Rudolf, Central Veterinary Institute (NLD)
  • Balenghien Thomas, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)
  • Sghaier Soufien, IRVT (TUN)
  • Lohr Youssef, LNEZ (MAR)
  • Gilbert Marius, ULB (BEL)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/568738/)

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