Nationwide inventory of mosquito biodiversity (Diptera: Culicidae) in Belgium, Europe

Versteirt Veerle, Boyer S., Damiens David, De Clercq E.M., Dekoninck Wouter, Ducheyne Els, Grootaert P., Garros Claire, Hance T., Hendrickx Guy, Goosemans M., Van Bortel Wim. 2013. Nationwide inventory of mosquito biodiversity (Diptera: Culicidae) in Belgium, Europe. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 103 (2) : pp. 193-203.

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ENTOMOLOGY

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie

Abstract : To advance our restricted knowledge on mosquito biodiversity and distribution in Belgium, a national inventory started in 2007 (MODIRISK) based on a random selection of 936 collection points in three main environmental types: urban, rural and natural areas. Additionally, 64 sites were selected because of the risk of importing a vector or pathogen in these sites. Each site was sampled once between May and October 2007 and once in 2008 using Mosquito Magnet Liberty Plus traps. Diversity in pre-defined habitat types was calculated using three indices. The association between species and environmental types was assessed using a correspondence analysis. Twenty-three mosquito species belonging to traditionally recognized genera were found, including 21 indigenous and two exotic species. Highest species diversity (Simpson 0.765) and species richness (20 species) was observed in natural areas, although urban sites scored also well (Simpson 0.476, 16 species). Four clusters could be distinguished based on the correspondence analysis. The first one is related to human modified landscapes (such as urban, rural and industrial sites). A second is composed of species not associated with a specific habitat type, including the now widely distributed Anopheles plumbeus. A third group includes species commonly found in restored natural or bird migration areas, and a fourth cluster is composed of forest species. Outcomes of this study demonstrate the effectiveness of the designed sampling scheme and support the choice of the trap type. Obtained results of this first country-wide inventory of the Culicidae in Belgium may serve as a basis for risk assessment of emerging mosquito-borne diseases. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Culicoides, Culicidae, Biodiversité, Enquête, Dynamique des populations, Vecteur de maladie, Maladie des animaux, Surveillance épidémiologique, habitat, Paysage, Zone urbaine, Zone rurale

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Belgique

Mots-clés complémentaires : Émergence

Classification Agris : L72 - Pests of animals
L60 - Animal taxonomy and geography
L73 - Animal diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2005-2013) - Santé animale et maladies émergentes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Versteirt Veerle, Institute of tropical medecine (BEL)
  • Boyer S., UCL (BEL)
  • Damiens David, UCL (BEL)
  • De Clercq E.M., Agriculture and Veterinary Information and Analysis (BEL)
  • Dekoninck Wouter, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (BEL)
  • Ducheyne Els, Agriculture and Veterinary Information and Analysis (BEL)
  • Grootaert P., Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (BEL)
  • Garros Claire, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-4378-5031
  • Hance T., UCL (BEL)
  • Hendrickx Guy, Agriculture and Veterinary Information and Analysis (BEL)
  • Goosemans M., Institute of tropical medecine (BEL)
  • Van Bortel Wim, Institute of tropical medecine (BEL)

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