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Biologia de sistemas de pectinases do fungo Moniliophthora perniciosa

De Andrade Silva Edson Mario, Santos Carvalho Heliana Argôlo, Micheli Fabienne. 2013. Biologia de sistemas de pectinases do fungo Moniliophthora perniciosa. Diálogos e Ciência, 11 (3) : pp. 27-30.

Journal article ; Article de revue à comité de lecture
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Titre anglais : Systems biology of Moniliophthora perniciosa pectinases

Abstract : Pectinases (pectin methylesterases [PMEs], polygalacturonases [PGs] and protopectinases) are enzymes involved in the degradation of the pectic molecule, which is the main component of the plant middle lamella. Phytopathogens produce such enzymes, which are very important for their virulence. The witches' broom disease, caused by the hemibiotrophic basidiomycete Moniliophthora perniciosa, has committed the cacao production in South Bahia, Brazil. Moniliophthora perniciosa genome sequencing revealed the presence of homologous of pectinase genes. The objective of this work was to obtain a physical protein-protein interaction network by systems biology, generated from a M. perniciosa polygalacturonase (MpPG2). The search for Neurospora crassa MpPG2 ortholog was performed using the reciprocal Blast. The network was obtained in http://string-db.org/ with the NCU02369 ortholog and presented 683 nodes. For the network study, we used the Cytoscape software in which the following analyses were made: i) centrality which revealed 30 bottlenecks including the MpPG2, 149 hubs and 142 hubs-bottleneck; ii) modularity which allowed the identification of 6 clusters; and iii) gene ontology. The NCU10045 is a pectinesterase which interacts in the network with NCU02369-MpPG2; it was also related to other proteins such as the NCU05063 glycosyl hydrolase or with the NCU06326.1 pectate lyase-1. Thus, it was possible to suggest that pectinases and hydrolases were found in the network and interacted directly or indirectly with NCU02369-MpPG2 forming a set of enzymatic activity that may be crucial for host invasion. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Moniliophthora, Neurospora crassa, Theobroma cacao, Activité enzymatique, Polygalacturonase, Hydrolase, Interactions biologiques, Protéine végétale

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Bahia

Mots-clés complémentaires : Moniliophthora perniciosa

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • De Andrade Silva Edson Mario, UESC (BRA)
  • Santos Carvalho Heliana Argôlo, UESC (BRA)
  • Micheli Fabienne, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (BRA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/569224/)

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