Influence of engine load and fuel droplet size on performance of a CI engine fueled with cottonseed oil and its blends with diesel fuel

Daho Tizane, Vaitilingom Gilles, Ouiminga Salifou Kouchka, Piriou Bruno, Zongo Augustin S., Ouoba Samuel, Koulidiati Jean. 2013. Influence of engine load and fuel droplet size on performance of a CI engine fueled with cottonseed oil and its blends with diesel fuel. Applied Energy, 111 : pp. 1046-1053.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ENERGY & FUELS

Abstract : In this study, favorable conditions to achieve good combustion of cottonseed oil and its blends with diesel fuel in a direct injection diesel engine have been highlighted. This has been performed by analyzing fuel droplet size distribution and determining engine specific fuel consumption and thermal efficiency, combustion parameters (ignition delay, rate of heat release) and emissions (carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and carbon dioxide (CO2)). Results show that thermal efficiency and CO2 are almost similar for all tested fuels while the specific fuel consumption and CO emissions increase and NOx emissions decrease with increasing percentage of cottonseed oil in blends. Cylinder pressures are very close and rates of heat release are slightly different for cottonseed oil and diesel fuel. Results on droplet size analysis show that to obtain an adequate droplet size distribution, the percentage of cottonseed oil in diesel fuel should be limited to 40% by volume. Results on engine performance show that engine loads must be above 50%. These results are valid for diesel engines of conventional design, using low-pressure injection systems; they do not apply to modern high injection pressure engines. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Huile de coton, Biocarburant, Carburant diésel, Moteur à combustion interne, Moteur diésel, Performance du matériel

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Burkina Faso, Languedoc-Roussillon

Classification Agris : Q60 - Processing of non-food or non-feed agricultural products
P06 - Renewable energy resources
F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry
000 - Other themes

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 2 (2005-2013) - Biomasse énergie et sociétés du sud

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Daho Tizane, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Biomasse-énergie (FRA)
  • Vaitilingom Gilles, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Biomasse-énergie (FRA)
  • Ouiminga Salifou Kouchka, Université de Ouagadougou (BFA)
  • Piriou Bruno, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Biomasse-énergie (FRA)
  • Zongo Augustin S., Université de Ouagadougou (BFA)
  • Ouoba Samuel, Université de Ouagadougou (BFA)
  • Koulidiati Jean, Université de Ouagadougou (BFA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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