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Forest management devolution: Gap between technicians' design and villagers' practices in Madagascar

Rives Fanny, Carrière Stéphanie M., Montagne Pierre, Aubert Sigrid, Sibelet Nicole. 2013. Forest management devolution: Gap between technicians' design and villagers' practices in Madagascar. Environmental Management, 52 (4) : pp. 877-893.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q3, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Géographie-Aménagement-Urbanisme-Architecture

Abstract : In the 1980s, tropical forest-management principles underwent a shift toward approaches giving greater responsibilities to rural people. One argument for such a shift were the long-term relations established between rural people and their natural resources. In Madagascar, a new law was drawn up in 1996 (Gelose law), which sought to integrate rural people into forest management. A gap was observed between the changes foreseen by the projects implementing the Gelose law and the actual changes. In this article, we use the concept of the social-ecological system (SES) to analyze that gap. The differences existing between the planned changes set by the Gelose contract in the village of Ambatoloaka (northwest of Madagascar) and the practices observed in 2010 were conceptualized as a gap between two SESs. The first SES is the targeted one (i.e., a virtual one); it corresponds to the designed Gelose contract. The second SES is the observed one. It is characterized by the heterogeneity of forest users and uses, which have several impacts on forest management, and by very dynamic social and ecological systems. The observed SES has been reshaped contingent on the constraints and opportunities offered by the Gelose contract as well as on other ecological and social components. The consequences and opportunities that such an SES reshaping would offer to improve the implementation of the Gelose law are discussed. The main reasons explaining the gap between the two SESs are as follows: (1) the clash between static and homogeneous perceptions in the targeted SES and the dynamics and heterogeneity that characterize the observed SES; and (2) the focus on one specific use of forest ecosystems (i.e., charcoal-making) in the targeted SES. Forest management in the observed SES depends on several uses of forest ecosystems. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Aménagement forestier, Politique forestière, écosystème forestier, Connaissance indigène, Participation communautaire, Communauté rurale, Évaluation de l'impact, Législation, Charbon de bois, Production forestière, Utilisation des terres, gestion des ressources naturelles

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Madagascar

Classification Agris : K01 - Forestry - General aspects
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
K10 - Forestry production
P06 - Renewable energy resources
D50 - Legislation

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2005-2013) - Agriculture, environnement, nature et sociétés

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Rives Fanny
  • Carrière Stéphanie M., IRD (FRA)
  • Montagne Pierre, CIRAD-ES-UPR BSef (MDG)
  • Aubert Sigrid, CIRAD-ES-UPR GREEN (MDG)
  • Sibelet Nicole, CIRAD-ES-UMR INNOVATION (CRI) ORCID: 0000-0002-2107-6376

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/570635/)

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