Enrichment of chicken meat with omega-3 in tropical conditions : P 1-31

Roux Stéphanie, Petit Matthieu, Baéza Elisabeth, Mathiaud A., Tillard Emmanuel, Arnaud Elodie. 2012. Enrichment of chicken meat with omega-3 in tropical conditions : P 1-31. In : 2012 EFFoST Annual Meeting, Montpellier, France, from the 20-23 November 2012. s.l. : s.n., 1 p. EFFoST Annual Meeting (2012), Montpellier, France, 20 November 2012/23 November 2012.

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Abstract : Reunion Island is a French department located in Indian Ocean and suffering from a great occurrence of metabolic disorders such as obesity and diabetes. Actually, chicken is the main meat consumed in Reunion Island (42 kg/year/inhabitant against 23 kg/year/inhabitant in metropolitan France), thus enriching it in poly-unsaturated omega-3 fatty acids (n3-PUFAs) should improve Reunionese's health. In the present trials, chickens (JA757 strain) were raised in an experimental poultry house for 56 days. The experimental diets were modified over 2 criteria: flax seed content (0, 3, 6 and 9%) and level of vitamin E supplementation (0 and 150 ppm). After slaughter, thigh meat was analyzed to determine fatty acids composition, vitamin E content and lipid oxidation susceptibility by measuring malondialdehyde (MDA) content. Results showed that meats were enriched in n3-PUFAs proportionally to the flax seed content of the diet which is directly linked with the n3-PUFAs content of the diet. The quantity of n3- PUFAs found in meat is positively correlated with the quantity of n3-PUFAs ingested by the chickens. The transfer efficiency can be calculated by dividing the n3-PUFAs content in meat by the quantity of n3-PUFAs ingested. This efficiency decreases when the amounts of n3- PUFAs consumed increase, leading to a negative correlation between the transfer efficiency and the consumed n3-PUFAs quantity. The vitamin E supplementation did not play a role in the n3-PUFAs enrichment but meats issued from animals fed with these supplemented diets have exhibited higher vitamin E contents. Oxidation was lower in meats enriched with omega 3 and vitamin E than in those just enriched in omega 3. This difference in oxidation level was maintained during the meat storage at 4 °C for several days and even after cooking. (Résumé d'auteur)

Classification Agris : L02 - Animal feeding
L50 - Animal physiology and biochemistry
Q04 - Food composition

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Roux Stéphanie, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA)
  • Petit Matthieu, CIRAD-ES-UMR SELMET (FRA)
  • Baéza Elisabeth, ITAVI (FRA)
  • Mathiaud A., Sanders aliments (FRA)
  • Tillard Emmanuel, CIRAD-ES-UMR SELMET (REU)
  • Arnaud Elodie, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (REU) ORCID: 0000-0002-0896-7916

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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