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Modelling of water transport and swelling associated with starch gelatinization during rice cooking

Briffaz Aurélien, Bohuon Philippe, Méot Jean-Michel, Dornier Manuel, Mestres Christian. 2014. Modelling of water transport and swelling associated with starch gelatinization during rice cooking. Journal of Food Engineering, 121 : pp. 143-151.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : FOOD SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL

Abstract : An isothermal model of rice cooking process was developed that accounts for the impact of starch phase transition on water transfer and swelling, using an arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian framework. Two water populations were distinguished: water in native starch and excess water absorbed by starch since it starts to gelatinize. The model was solved by FEM. Water apparent diffusivities in native and gelatinized starch were 3.6 _ 10_10 and 2.8 _ 10_10 m2 s_1 respectively. The model was validated on the Chil-Bo rice cultivar using experimental water uptake and microscopy measurements of the gelatinization front. At 50 _C, 75 _C and 95 _C, the volume gains were 0.3, 4.8 and 8.3 m3 m_3 respectively. The model adequately reproduces swelling as its extent corresponds to the amount of water absorbed (±4% v/v). Both water and gelatinization profiles over time would be of tremendous benefit for the optimization of cooked rice properties such as texture. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : riz, Amidon, Transfert de masse, Gélification, Gonflement, Cuisson à l'eau, Modèle de simulation, eau

Mots-clés complémentaires : Amidon de riz

Classification Agris : Q02 - Food processing and preservation
U10 - Computer science, mathematics and statistics

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 3 (2014-2018) - Alimentation durable

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Briffaz Aurélien, Montpellier SupAgro (FRA)
  • Bohuon Philippe, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA)
  • Méot Jean-Michel, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA)
  • Dornier Manuel, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA)
  • Mestres Christian, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/570691/)

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