Ancestral synteny is shared between distantly related plant species from the asterid and rosid clades

Guyot Romain, Lefebvre-Pautigny Florent, Tranchant Christine, Rigoreau Michel, Poncet Valérie, Hamon Perla, Leroy Thierry, Hamon Serge, Crouzillat Dominique, De Kochko Alexandre. 2013. Ancestral synteny is shared between distantly related plant species from the asterid and rosid clades. In : Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Coffee Science, San José, Costa Rica, 12th-16th November 2012 = Actes du 24ème Colloque scientifique international sur le café, San José, Costa Rica, 12-16 novembre 2012. ASIC. Paris : ASIC, pp. 527-532. ISBN 978-2-900212-23-3 International Conference on Coffee Science. 24, San José, Costa Rica, 11 November 2012/16 November 2012.

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Abstract : A set of 867 COSII markers allowed to established macrosynteny between coffee, tomato and grapevine. Coffee and tomato genomes shared 318 orthologous markers and 27 conserved syntenic segments (CSSs), coffee and grapevine shared a similar number of syntenic markers (299) and CSSs (29). Despite important genome macrostructure reorganization, several large chromosome segments showed exceptional macrosynteny, shedding new insights into chromosome evolution between flowering plants. In addition, we analyzed a BAC sequence of 174 kb containing the Ovate gene, conserved in a syntenic block between the three plants, that showed a high microsynteny conservation. Surprisingly, a higher level of conservation was observed between coffee and grapevine, both ligneous and perennial plants, than between coffee and tomato, an annual plant. Out of 16 genes identified in coffee on this segment, 7 and 14 showed complete synteny between coffee and tomato or grapevine, respectively. A significant conservation was found at the macro- and micro-structure levels between distantly related species from the Asterid (Coffea canephora and Solanum sp.) and Rosid (Vitis vinifera) clades. Conservation did not decline at the Ovate locus in relation to phylogenetic distance, suggesting that the time factor alone does not explain all the divergences. These results are considerably useful for syntenic studies between supposedly remote species for the isolation of important genes for agronomy. (Résumé d'auteur)

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F70 - Plant taxonomy and geography

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Guyot Romain, IRD (FRA)
  • Lefebvre-Pautigny Florent, Nestlé (FRA)
  • Tranchant Christine, IRD (FRA)
  • Rigoreau Michel, Nestlé (FRA)
  • Poncet Valérie, IRD (FRA)
  • Hamon Perla, IRD (FRA)
  • Leroy Thierry, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Hamon Serge, IRD (FRA)
  • Crouzillat Dominique, Nestlé (FRA)
  • De Kochko Alexandre, IRD (FRA)

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