Insecticide resistance in Bemisia tabaci Gennadius (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) and Anopheles gambiae Giles (Diptera: Culicidae) could compromise the sustainability of malaria vector control strategies in West Africa

Gnankine Olivier, Bassolé Imael H.N., Chandre Fabrice, Glitho Isabelle Adolé, Akogbeto Martin, Dabiré Roch Kounbobr, Martin Thibaud. 2013. Insecticide resistance in Bemisia tabaci Gennadius (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) and Anopheles gambiae Giles (Diptera: Culicidae) could compromise the sustainability of malaria vector control strategies in West Africa. Acta Tropica, 128 (1) : pp. 7-17.

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : TROPICAL MEDICINE / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : PARASITOLOGY

Abstract : Insecticides from the organophosphate (OP) and pyrethroid (PY) chemical families, have respectively, been in use for 50 and 30 years in West Africa, mainly against agricultural pests, but also against vectors of human disease. The selection pressure, with practically the same molecules year after year (mainly on cotton), has caused insecticide resistance in pest populations such as Bemisia tabaci, vector of harmful phytoviruses on vegetables. The evolution toward insecticide resistance in malaria vectors such as Anopheles gambiae sensus lato (s.l.) is probably related to the current use of these insecticides in agriculture. Thus, successful pest and vector control in West Africa requires an investigation of insect susceptibility, in relation to the identification of species and sub species, such as molecular forms or biotypes. Identification of knock down resistance (kdr) and acetylcholinesterase gene (Ace1) mutations modifying insecticide targets in individual insects and measure of enzymes activity typically involved in insecticide metabolism (oxidase, esterase and glutathion-S-transferase) are indispensable in understanding the mechanisms of resistance. Insecticide resistance is a good example in which genotype-phenotype links have been made successfully. Insecticides used in agriculture continue to select new resistant populations of B. tabaci that could be from different biotype vectors of plant viruses. As well, the evolution of insecticide resistance in An. gambiae threatens the management of malaria vectors in West Africa. It raises the question of priority in the use of insecticides in health and/or agriculture, and more generally, the question of sustainability of crop protection and vector control strategies in the region. Here, we review the susceptibility tests, biochemical and molecular assays data for B. tabaci, a major pest in cotton and vegetable crops, and An. gambiae, main vector of malaria. The data reviewed was collected in Benin and Burkina Faso between 2008 and 2010 under the Corus 6015 research program. This review aims to show: (i) the insecticide resistance in B. tabaci as well as in An. gambiae; and (ii) due to this, the impact of selection of resistant populations on malaria vector control strategies. Some measures that could be beneficial for crop protection and vector control strategies in West Africa are proposed. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Anopheles gambiae, Bemisia tabaci, Résistance aux pesticides, Sélection, Identification, Biotype, Vecteur de maladie, Malaria, Pesticide, Utilisation, Culture maraîchère, Gossypium, Contrôle de maladies

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Burkina Faso, Bénin, Afrique occidentale

Classification Agris : H10 - Pests of plants
L72 - Pests of animals
L70 - Veterinary science and hygiene - General aspects

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Gnankine Olivier, Université de Ouagadougou (BFA)
  • Bassolé Imael H.N., Université de Ouagadougou (BFA)
  • Chandre Fabrice, IRD (FRA)
  • Glitho Isabelle Adolé, Université de Lomé (TGO)
  • Akogbeto Martin, CREC [Centre de recherche entomologique de Cotonou] (BEN)
  • Dabiré Roch Kounbobr, Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (BFA)
  • Martin Thibaud, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (KEN)

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