Transcriptional activity, chromosomal distribution and expression effects of transposable elements in Coffea genomes

Lopes Fabrício R., Jjingo Daudi, Da Silva Carlos R.M., Andrade Alan Carvalho, Marraccini Pierre, Teixeira João B., Carazzolle Marcelo Falsarella, Pereira Gonçalo Amarante Guimarães, Pereira Luiz Filipe P., Vanzela André L.L., Wang Lu, Jordan King, Carareto Claudia M.A.. 2013. Transcriptional activity, chromosomal distribution and expression effects of transposable elements in Coffea genomes. PloS One, 8 (11):e78931, 16 p.

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Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie; Staps

Abstract : Plant genomes are massively invaded by transposable elements (TEs), many of which are located near host genes and can thus impact gene expression. In flowering plants, TE expression can be activated (de-repressed) under certain stressful conditions, both biotic and abiotic, as well as by genome stress caused by hybridization. In this study, we examined the effects of these stress agents on TE expression in two diploid species of coffee, Coffea canephora and C. eugenioides, and their allotetraploid hybrid C. arabica. We also explored the relationship of TE repression mechanisms to host gene regulation via the effects of exonized TE sequences. Similar to what has been seen for other plants, overall TE expression levels are low in Coffea plant cultivars, consistent with the existence of effective TE repression mechanisms. TE expression patterns are highly dynamic across the species and conditions assayed here are unrelated to their classification at the level of TE class or family. In contrast to previous results, cell culture conditions per se do not lead to the de-repression of TE expression in C. arabica. Results obtained here indicate that differing plant drought stress levels relate strongly to TE repression mechanisms. TEs tend to be expressed at significantly higher levels in non-irrigated samples for the drought tolerant cultivars but in drought sensitive cultivars the opposite pattern was shown with irrigated samples showing significantly higher TE expression. Thus, TE genome repression mechanisms may be finely tuned to the ideal growth and/or regulatory conditions of the specific plant cultivars in which they are active. Analysis of TE expression levels in cell culture conditions underscored the importance of nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) pathways in the repression of Coffea TEs. These same NMD mechanisms can also regulate plant host gene expression via the repression of genes that bear exonized TE sequences. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Coffea, Coffea arabica, Coffea canephora, Coffea eugenioides, Expression des gènes, Transcription génique, Génome, mécanisme de défense, Stress dû à la sécheresse, Séquence d'ARN, Résistance à la sécheresse, Génie génétique, Stress abiotique, Stress biotique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Brésil

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Lopes Fabrício R., UNESP (BRA)
  • Jjingo Daudi, Georgia Institute of Technology (USA)
  • Da Silva Carlos R.M., UEL (BRA)
  • Andrade Alan Carvalho, EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • Marraccini Pierre, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (BRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-7637-6811
  • Teixeira João B., EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • Carazzolle Marcelo Falsarella, UNICAMP (BRA)
  • Pereira Gonçalo Amarante Guimarães, UNICAMP (BRA)
  • Pereira Luiz Filipe P., EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • Vanzela André L.L., UEL (BRA)
  • Wang Lu, Georgia Institute of Technology (USA)
  • Jordan King, Georgia Institute of Technology (USA)
  • Carareto Claudia M.A., UNESP (BRA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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