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Evaluating the potential for the environmentally sustainable control of foot and mouth disease in Sub-Saharan Africa

Ferguson Kenneth J., Cleaveland Sarah, Haydon Daniel Thomas, Caron Alexandre, Kock Richard, Lembo Tiziana, Hopcraft J. Grant C., Chardonnet Bertrand, Nyariki Thomas, Keyyu Julius, Paton David James, Kivaria Fredrick Mathias. 2013. Evaluating the potential for the environmentally sustainable control of foot and mouth disease in Sub-Saharan Africa. Ecohealth, 10 (3) : 314-322.

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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Résumé : Strategies to control transboundary diseases have in the past generated unintended negative consequences for both the environment and local human populations. Integrating perspectives from across disciplines, including livestock, veterinary and conservation sectors, is necessary for identifying disease control strategies that optimise environmental goods and services at the wildlife-livestock interface. Prompted by the recent development of a global strategy for the control and elimination of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), this paper seeks insight into the consequences of, and rational options for potential FMD control measures in relation to environmental, conservation and human poverty considerations in Africa. We suggest a more environmentally nuanced process of FMD control that safe-guards the integrity of wild populations and the ecosystem dynamics on which human livelihoods depend while simultaneously improving socio-economic conditions of rural people. In particular, we outline five major issues that need to be considered: 1) improved understanding of the different FMD viral strains and how they circulate between domestic and wildlife populations; 2) an appreciation for the economic value of wildlife for many African countries whose presence might preclude the country from ever achieving an FMD-free status; 3) exploring ways in which livestock production can be improved without compromising wildlife such as implementing commodity-based trading schemes; 4) introducing a participatory approach involving local farmers and the national veterinary services in the control of FMD; and 5) finally the possibility that transfrontier conservation might offer new hope of integrating decision-making at the wildlife-livestock interface. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Fièvre aphteuse, Contrôle de maladies, Durabilité, Méthode de lutte, Lutte intégrée, Conservation des ressources, Protection de l'environnement, Faune, Bétail, Santé publique, Animal domestique, Animal sauvage, Facteur du milieu, Pauvreté, Biodiversité, Service, Écosystème, Participation communautaire, Communauté rurale, Approches participatives

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique, République-Unie de Tanzanie, Afrique au sud du Sahara

Mots-clés complémentaires : Service environnemental

Classification Agris : L73 - Maladies des animaux
P01 - Conservation de la nature et ressources foncières
000 - Autres thèmes

Axe stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2005-2013) - Santé animale et maladies émergentes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ferguson Kenneth J., Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine (GBR)
  • Cleaveland Sarah, Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine (GBR)
  • Haydon Daniel Thomas, Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine (GBR)
  • Caron Alexandre, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (ZWE) ORCID: 0000-0002-5213-3273
  • Kock Richard, Royal Veterinary College (GBR)
  • Lembo Tiziana, Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine (GBR)
  • Hopcraft J. Grant C., Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine (GBR)
  • Chardonnet Bertrand
  • Nyariki Thomas, AU-IBAR (KEN)
  • Keyyu Julius, Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute (TZA)
  • Paton David James, The Pirbright Institute (GBR)
  • Kivaria Fredrick Mathias, Tanzanie (TZA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/571634/)

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