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Simulation of inflorescence dynamics in oil palm and estimation of environment-sensitive phenological phases: A model based analysis

Combres Jean-Claude, Pallas Benoît, Rouan Lauriane, Mialet-Serra Isabelle, Caliman Jean-Pierre, Braconnier Serge, Soulie Jean-Christophe, Dingkuhn Michaël. 2013. Simulation of inflorescence dynamics in oil palm and estimation of environment-sensitive phenological phases: A model based analysis. Functional Plant Biology, 40 (3) : pp. 263-279.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : PLANT SCIENCES

Abstract : For oil palm, yield variation is in large part due to variation in the number of harvested bunches. Each successively-produced phytomer carries a female (productive), male or aborted inflorescence. Since phytomer development takes 3-4 years and nearly two phytomers are produced per month, many inflorescences develop in parallel but have different phenological stages. Environment-dependent developmental rate, sex and abortion probability determine bunch productivity, which, in turn, affects other phytomers via source-sink relationships. Water deficit, solar radiation, temperature and day length are considered key external factors driving variation. Their impact is difficult to predict because of system complexity. To address this question we built a simple model (ECOPALM) to simulate the variation in number of harvested bunches. In this model, trophic competition among organs, expressed through a plant-scale index (Ic), drives sex determination and inflorescence abortion during specific sensitive phases at phytomer level. As a supplemental hypothesis, we propose that flowering is affected by photoperiod at phytomer level during a sensitive phase, thus, contributing to seasonal production peaks. The model was used to determine by parameter optimisation the influence of Ic and day length on inflorescence development and the stages at which inflorescences are sensitive to these signals. Parameters were estimated against observation of number of harvested bunches in Ivory Coast using a genetic algorithm. The model was then validated with field observations in Benin and Indonesia. The sensitive phases determined by parameter optimisation agreed with independent experimental evidence, and variation of Ic explained both sex and abortion patterns. Sex determination seemed to coincide with floret meristem individualisation and occurred 29-32 months before bunch harvest. The main abortion stage occurred 10 months before harvest - at the beginning of rapid growth of the inflorescence. Simulation results suggest involvement of photoperiod in the determination of bunch growth dynamics. This study demonstrates that simple modelling approaches can help extracting ecophysiological information from simple field observations on complex systems. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Elaeis guineensis

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Bénin, Côte d'Ivoire, Indonésie

Classification Agris : F63 - Plant physiology - Reproduction
F01 - Crop husbandry
U10 - Mathematical and statistical methods

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Combres Jean-Claude
  • Pallas Benoît, Montpellier SupAgro (FRA)
  • Rouan Lauriane, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Mialet-Serra Isabelle, CIRAD-DGDRD-DRLR (FRA)
  • Caliman Jean-Pierre, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de pérennes (IDN)
  • Braconnier Serge, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Soulie Jean-Christophe, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-2904-9548
  • Dingkuhn Michaël, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (PHL)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/572150/)

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