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Integrative approaches to assess climate risk in irrigated rice of Senegal and Niger River valleys in Mali

Integrative approaches to assess climate risk in irrigated rice of Senegal and Niger River valleys in Mali. Balde Alpha Bocar, Muller Bertrand, Sow Abdoulaye, Diack B.S., Bimgpong K., Manneh Baboucarr, Ndiaye O., Van Oort P.A.J., Traoré K., Dembélé I., Stuerz Sabine, Dingkuhn Michaël. 2013. In : La science rizicole pour la sécurité alimentaire à travers le renforcement de l'agriculture familiale et l'agro-industrie en Afrique : 3ème Congrès du riz en Afrique 2013, 21-24 octobre 2013, Yaoundé, Cameroun. Programme et résumés. Centre du riz pour l'Afrique, IRAD, FAO. Cotonou : ADRAO [Centre du Riz pour l'Afrique], 40.

Africa Rice Congress. 3, Yaoundé, Cameroun, 21 Octobre 2013/24 Octobre 2013. Texte intégral non disponible.

Communication avec actes

Résumé : In the 1990s, AfricaRice developed RIDEV crop model to assess irrigated rice phenology and extreme temperature impacts on yields, and defined sowing windows for irrigated rice in Senegal River valley (SRV) and Niger River valley (NRV) that minimized climate risks. Based on recent observations, extension agents comment that "more and more farmers sow out of the recommended sowing windows and get good yield. It seems that the climate changed". Those observations raise the following questions: Did farmers' practices change? If so, why? Is there any relationship with climate or other factors? Did the climate really change? Are recommended sowing windows still valid? To address these issues, AfricaRice, SAED, IER, Hohenheim University, Office du Niger and CIRAD launched an integrative project funded by Agence National de la Recherche (ANR) Changement Environnementaux et Socio en Afrique: Passé, Présent et Futur (ESCAPE) and Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS, CGIAR Research Program) projects, the final objective of which is to define the most adapted sowing windows for recommended irrigated rice varieties in SRV and NRV in Mali in order to reduce climate risks and maximize production. We will further assess the `residual' risks related to those sowing windows in order to develop insurance tools, and to evaluate future situations using climatic scenarios. To achieve this, we started different research activities: (a) - Focus groups and surveys to study farmers' practices, their evolution, constraints and driving factors, and farmers' perception of climate and its evolution in last years. (b) - Agronomic trials, grain quality and biotechnological analysis to verify whether genetic drift has occurred on the main cropped variety, Sahel 108, in the last 20 years that could explain changes in crop phenology and behavior. Thirty Sahel 108 lines/sources have been compared: 2 original Sahel 108 sources from IRRI, 2 sets of breeder seed from ISRA, 19 sets of foundation seed from seed producers and 7 sources from producers having used their own seeds several times (from 2 to 21 years). (c) - Analysis of daily climatic data of the last 30 years. (d) - Agronomic surveys and trials and crop-modeling work aimed at improving and/or validating crop models. These activities started in 2008 within Developing rice and sorghum crop adaptation strategies for climate change in vulnerable environments in Africa (RISOCAS) project and have been carried out by different research teams. Agronomic surveys and trials provided data about rice phenology, yields and yield components, and micro-climate (relationship between water and air temperatures, panicle temperatures). RIDEV and Samara models have been improved and will be validated for local varieties and situations. (e) - Agro-climatological analysis using the validated models results aimed at assessing impacts of climate on crop growth during the last 30 years will be compared to surveys information, defining recommended sowing periods and associated residual climatic risks in order to develop insurance tools, and exploring future situations based on climatic scenarios. The modeling tools will be transferred to NARS and extension institutes (SAED, Office Niger, ISRA and IER) for better management of crop calendars and climate risk assessments. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Oryza sativa, Riz irrigué, Facteur climatique, Changement climatique, Évaluation du risque, Adaptation, Variété, Rendement des cultures, Modélisation des cultures, Zone agroclimatique, Microclimat, Pratique culturale, Enquête, Expérimentation au champ, Agriculteur, Perceptions

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Fleuve Niger, Mali

Classification Agris : F01 - Culture des plantes
F08 - Systèmes et modes de culture
P40 - Météorologie et climatologie

Ouvrage ou Actes : http://catalogue-bibliotheques.cirad.fr/cgi-bin/koha/opac-detail.pl?biblionumber=217125

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Balde Alpha Bocar, Centre du riz pour l'Afrique (SEN)
  • Muller Bertrand, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (SEN)
  • Sow Abdoulaye, Centre du riz pour l'Afrique (SEN)
  • Diack B.S., SAED (SEN)
  • Bimgpong K., Centre du riz pour l'Afrique (SEN)
  • Manneh Baboucarr, Centre du riz pour l'Afrique (SEN)
  • Ndiaye O., ANACIM (SEN)
  • Van Oort P.A.J., Wageningen University (NLD)
  • Traoré K., Centre du riz pour l'Afrique (SEN)
  • Dembélé I., CRRA (MLI)
  • Stuerz Sabine, Universitaet Hohenheim (DEU)
  • Dingkuhn Michaël, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (PHL)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop

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