Dispersal behavior of Tetranychus evansi and T. urticae on tomato at several spatial scales and densities: Implications for integrated pest management

Azandémè-Hounmalon Yeyinou Ginette, Fellous Simon, Kreiter Serge, Fiaboe Komi K.M., Subramanian Sevgan, Kungu Miriam, Martin Thibaud. 2014. Dispersal behavior of Tetranychus evansi and T. urticae on tomato at several spatial scales and densities: Implications for integrated pest management. PloS One, 9 (4):e95071, 8 p.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie; Staps

Abstract : Studying distribution is necessary to understand and manage the dynamics of species with spatially structured populations. Here we studied the distribution in Tetranychus evansi and T. urticae, two mite pests of tomato, in the scope of evaluating factors that can influence the effectiveness of Integrated Pest Management strategies. We found greater positive densitydependent distribution with T. evansi than T. urticae when assayed on single, detached tomato leaves. Indeed, T. evansi distribution among leaflets increased with initial population density while it was high even at low T. urticae densities. Intensity and rate of damage to whole plants was higher with T. evansi than T. urticae. We further studied the circadian migration of T. evansi within plant. When T. evansi density was high the distribution behavior peaked between 8 am and 3 pm and between 8 pm and 3 am local time of Kenya. Over 24 h the total number of mites ascending and descending was always similar and close to the total population size. The gregarious behavior of T. evansi combined with its rapid population growth rate, may explain why few tomato plants can be severely damaged by T. evansi and how suddenly all the crop can be highly infested. However the localisation and elimination of the first infested plants damaged by T. evansi could reduce the risk of outbreaks in the entire crop. These findings suggest also that an acaricide treated net placed on the first infested plants could be very effective to control T. evansi. Moreover circadian migration would therefore accentuate the efficiency of an acaricide treated net covering the infested plants. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Solanum lycopersicum, Tetranychus urticae, Tetranychus, Dynamique des populations, Développement biologique, Méthode de lutte, Lutte intégrée

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Kenya

Mots-clés complémentaires : Tetranychus evansi

Classification Agris : H10 - Pests of plants

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Azandémè-Hounmalon Yeyinou Ginette, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (FRA)
  • Fellous Simon, INRA (FRA)
  • Kreiter Serge, Montpellier SupAgro (FRA)
  • Fiaboe Komi K.M., ICIPE (KEN)
  • Subramanian Sevgan, ICIPE (KEN)
  • Kungu Miriam, ICIPE (KEN)
  • Martin Thibaud, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (KEN)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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