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Genetic relationships of some Citrus genotypes based on the candidate iron chlorosis genes

Aka Kacar Yildiz, Simsek Özhan, Dönmez Dicle, Boncuk Melda, Yesiloglu Turgut, Ollitrault Patrick. 2014. Genetic relationships of some Citrus genotypes based on the candidate iron chlorosis genes. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 38 (3) : pp. 340-347.

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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : AGRONOMY

Abstract : Iron is one of the most important elements in plant mineral nutrition. Fe deficiency is a critical abiotic stress factor for Mediterranean citriculture; the development of marker-assisted selection for this trait would greatly enhance rootstock breeding. In this study, DNA sequencing and single-stranded conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analyses were performed to determine the allelic diversity of genes associated with tolerance to iron chlorosis in citrus. Two candidate iron chlorosis tolerance genes were selected from existing Citrus EST databases and Arabidopsis thaliana genome databases. Ferritin-3 chloroplast precursor and putative membrane transporter candidate gene sequences were used to define primers in conserved regions. Six citrus genotypes from the basic taxon of Citrus were used to identify polymorphic regions in the genes. Direct sequencing of the amplified DNA fragments from the candidate genes was performed, and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and insertions/deletions (indels) were identified after sequence alignment. Based on the DNA sequencing analysis, a total of 6840 nucleotides of DNA were sequenced to identify SNPs and indels. In total, 263 SNPs and 15 indels were identified for both genes. We detected 38.45 SNPs and 2.19 indels for each 1000 b on average from the DNA sequencing results. New primers were designed in conserved areas flanking polymorphic ones for SSCP analysis. SSCP-PCR analysis was performed with 25 citrus genotypes. The neighbor-joining method was used for cluster analysis. Trifoliate genotypes and their hybrids (known to be sensitive to iron chlorosis) clustered together, whereas genotypes tolerant to iron chlorosis were more spread out on the dendrogram. Mandarins also showed high diversity for both genes according to SSCP results. Differences were found among sour orange genotypes known to have differential tolerance behavior to iron chlorosis. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Citrus, Polymorphisme génétique, Séquence d'ADN, Génotype, Variation génétique, Carence minérale, Fer, Stress abiotique, PCR, Citrus reticulata, Citrus maxima, Citrus medica, Phylogénie, Poncirus trifoliata

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Turquie

Mots-clés complémentaires : Séquencage, Citrus micrantha

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
H50 - Miscellaneous plant disorders
F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry
U30 - Research methods

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Aka Kacar Yildiz, Cukurova University (TUR)
  • Simsek Özhan, Cukurova University (TUR)
  • Dönmez Dicle, Cukurova University (TUR)
  • Boncuk Melda, Cukurova University (TUR)
  • Yesiloglu Turgut, Cukurova University (TUR)
  • Ollitrault Patrick, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (ESP) ORCID: 0000-0002-9456-5517

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/573265/)

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