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Use of multi-response modelling to investigate mechanisms of [bêta]-Carotene degradation in dried orange-fleshed sweet potato during storage: From carotenoids to aroma compounds

Achir Nawel, Pénicaud Caroline, Bechoff Aurélie, Boulanger Renaud, Dornier Manuel, Dhuique-Mayer Claudie. 2014. Use of multi-response modelling to investigate mechanisms of [bêta]-Carotene degradation in dried orange-fleshed sweet potato during storage: From carotenoids to aroma compounds. Food and Bioprocess Technology, 7 (6) : pp. 1656-1669.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : FOOD SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Abstract : In order to give insight into ?-carotene degradation mechanism during the storage of dried orange-fleshed sweet potato, and particularly into the role of isomers and norisoprenoids formation, multi-response kinetic modelling was applied. Determination of degradation compounds were carried out by HPLD-DAD and SPME-GC-MS as a function of time between 10 and 40 °C and at four water activities from 0.13 to 0.76. Kinetic modelling was developed assuming first-order reactions and by using mass balance. Eight compounds, namely, two isomers (9-cis- and 13-cis-?-carotene), two ?-carotene epoxides (?-carotene 5,6 and 5,8 epoxide) and four volatile compounds (?-cyclocitral, ?-ionone, 5,6-epoxy-?-ionone and dihydroactinidiolide), were integrated into two theoretical reaction schemes. The different models were discriminated according to goodness of fit to experimental data. This work showed that: (1) the formation of cis-isomers from ?-carotene preceded oxidation, (2) ?-cyclocitral arose directly from ?-carotene scission while the other norisoprenoids resulted from ?-carotene epoxide degradation, (3) cis-isomers were high reactive compounds. Temperature had a major influence on reaction rates k while water activities only impacted k at values under 0.51. Therefore, multi-response modelling is not only a tool to predict ?-carotene degradation but a interesting way to select the appropriate degradation scheme based on the different options presented in literature. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Patate douce, Biodégradation, Réaction chimique, Composé volatil, Composé aromatique, Caroténoïde, Péroxyde, Isoprénoïde, Stockage, Modèle mathématique, Modèle de simulation

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : France, Ouganda

Mots-clés complémentaires : Chips, Bêta-carotène, Cinétique

Classification Agris : Q02 - Food processing and preservation
Q04 - Food composition

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 3 (2014-2018) - Alimentation durable

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Achir Nawel, Montpellier SupAgro (FRA)
  • Pénicaud Caroline, INRA (FRA)
  • Bechoff Aurélie, NRI (GBR)
  • Boulanger Renaud, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-9396-5634
  • Dornier Manuel, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA)
  • Dhuique-Mayer Claudie, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/573271/)

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