Genome sequence comparisons reveal interspecific hybridizations and admixture in citrus domestication : [W317]

Gmitter Frederick G. Jr., Wu Guohong Albert, Prochnik Simon, Ollitrault Patrick, Talon Manuel, Machado Marcos Antonio, Morgante Michele, Jaillon Olivier, Rokhsar Daniel S.. 2014. Genome sequence comparisons reveal interspecific hybridizations and admixture in citrus domestication : [W317]. In : Plant and Animal Genomes Conference XXII Conference, San diego, United States, San Diego, United States, January 11-15, 2014. s.l. : s.n., Résumé Plant and Animal Genome Conference. 22, San Diego, États-Unis, 11 January 2014/15 January 2014.

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Published version - Anglais
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Abstract : Citrus is the most globally significant tree fruit, but its history of domestication is not well understood. Cultivated citrus types are believed to be direct selections from, or hybrids of, several progenitor species; however, the identities of these species and their contributions to modern cultivars remain unclear and controversial. A collection of different genomes of mandarins, pummelos, and oranges, including a high quality reference sequence from a haploid Clementine mandarin, has been assembled. By comparative analyses we show that these cultivated types were derived from two progenitor species, C. maxima and C. reticulata. Although it was determined that the sequenced cultivated pummelos represent selections from C. maxima, the cultivated mandarins proved to be introgressions of C. maxima into a distinct second population identified as the ancestral wild mandarin species, C. reticulata. Sweet and sour oranges were found to be hybrids between these two species. Sweet orange, the most widely cultivated citrus, arose as the offspring of previously admixed individuals. Sour (or Seville) orange was found to be an F1 hybrid of pure C. maximaand C. reticulata parents, indicating that wild mandarins were at least a part of the early breeding germplasm. Sequence analysis also revealed that at least one Chinese "wild mandarin" actually represents a citrus species distinct from C. reticulata, suggesting the possibility that other unrecognized wild citrus species may be identified. Understanding the phylogeny of cultivated citrus by comparative genome analysis will clarify taxonomic relationships and potentially lead to previously inconceivable opportunities for genetic improvement. (Texte intégral)

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F70 - Plant taxonomy and geography

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Gmitter Frederick G. Jr., University de Florida (USA)
  • Wu Guohong Albert, DOE-JGI (USA)
  • Prochnik Simon, DOE-JGI (USA)
  • Ollitrault Patrick, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (ESP) ORCID: 0000-0002-9456-5517
  • Talon Manuel, IVIA (ESP)
  • Machado Marcos Antonio, Centro de Citricultura Sylvio Moreira (BRA)
  • Morgante Michele, Università Di Udine (ITA)
  • Jaillon Olivier, Centre national de séquençage (FRA)
  • Rokhsar Daniel S., DOE-JGI (USA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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