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An evolutionary perspective on leaf economics: Phylogenetics of leaf mass per area in vascular plants

Flores Olivier, Garnier Eric, Wright Ian J., Reich Peter B., Pierce Simon, Diaz Sandra, Pakeman Robin J., Rusch Graciela M., Bernard-Verdier Maud, Testi Baptiste, Bakker Jan P., Bekker Renée M., Cerabolini Bruno E.L., Ceriani Roberta M., Cornu Guillaume, Cruz Pablo, Delcamp Matthieu, Dolezal Jiri, Eriksson Ove, Fayolle Adeline, Freitas Helena, Golodets Carly, Gourlet-Fleury Sylvie, Hodgson John, Brusa Guido, Kleyer Michael, Kunzmann Dieter, Lavorel Sandra, Papanastasis Vasilios P., Pérez-Harguindeguy Natalia, Vendramini Fernanda, Weiher Evan. 2014. An evolutionary perspective on leaf economics: Phylogenetics of leaf mass per area in vascular plants. Ecology and Evolution, 4 (14) : pp. 2799-2811.

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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : ECOLOGY

Abstract : In plant leaves, resource use follows a trade-off between rapid resource capture and conservative storage. This "worldwide leaf economics spectrum" consists of a suite of intercorrelated leaf traits, among which leaf mass per area, LMA, is one of the most fundamental as it indicates the cost of leaf construction and light-interception borne by plants. We conducted a broad-scale analysis of the evolutionary history of LMA across a large dataset of 5401 vascular plant spe- cies. The phylogenetic signal in LMA displayed low but significant conserva- tism, that is, leaf economics tended to be more similar among close relatives than expected by chance alone. Models of trait evolution indicated that LMA evolved under weak stabilizing selection. Moreover, results suggest that different optimal phenotypes evolved among large clades within which extremes tended to be selected against. Conservatism in LMA was strongly related to growth form, as were selection intensity and phenotypic evolutionary rates: woody plants showed higher conservatism in relation to stronger stabilizing selection and lower evolutionary rates compared to herbaceous taxa. The evolutionary history of LMA thus paints different evolutionary trajectories of vascular plant species across clades, revealing the coordination of leaf trait evolution with growth forms in response to varying selection regimes. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Plante, Indice de surface foliaire, Feuille, Surface, Modèle mathématique, Évolution, Phénotype, Fonction physiologique, Développement biologique, Phylogénie

Classification Agris : F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development
U10 - Mathematical and statistical methods
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Champ stratégique Cirad : Hors axes (2014-2018)

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Flores Olivier, Université de la Réunion (REU)
  • Garnier Eric, CEFE (FRA)
  • Wright Ian J., Macquarie University (AUS)
  • Reich Peter B., University of Minnesota (USA)
  • Pierce Simon, University of Minnesota (USA)
  • Diaz Sandra, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba (ARG)
  • Pakeman Robin J., James Hutton Institute (GBR)
  • Rusch Graciela M., NINA (NOR)
  • Bernard-Verdier Maud, CEFE (FRA)
  • Testi Baptiste, CEFE (FRA)
  • Bakker Jan P., Community and Conservation Ecology Group (NLD)
  • Bekker Renée M., Community and Conservation Ecology Group (NLD)
  • Cerabolini Bruno E.L., Università degli studi dell'Insubria (ITA)
  • Ceriani Roberta M., Centro Flora Autoctona (ITA)
  • Cornu Guillaume, CIRAD-ES-UPR BSef (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-7523-5176
  • Cruz Pablo, INRA (FRA)
  • Delcamp Matthieu
  • Dolezal Jiri, ASCR (CZE)
  • Eriksson Ove, Stockholm University (SWE)
  • Fayolle Adeline, Université de Liège (BEL)
  • Freitas Helena, University of Coimbra (PRT)
  • Golodets Carly, Tel Aviv University (ISR)
  • Gourlet-Fleury Sylvie, CIRAD-ES-UPR BSef (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-1136-4307
  • Hodgson John, University of Sheffield (GBR)
  • Brusa Guido, Università degli studi dell'Insubria (ITA)
  • Kleyer Michael, Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg (DEU)
  • Kunzmann Dieter, Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg (DEU)
  • Lavorel Sandra, IEPE (FRA)
  • Papanastasis Vasilios P., Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (GRC)
  • Pérez-Harguindeguy Natalia, University of Milan (ITA)
  • Vendramini Fernanda, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba (ARG)
  • Weiher Evan, University of Wisconsin (USA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/573784/)

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