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Low genetic diversity in Melanaphis sacchari Aphid populations at the worldwide scale

Nibouche Samuel, Fartek Benjamin, Mississipi Stelly, Delatte Hélène, Reynaud Bernard, Costet Laurent. 2014. Low genetic diversity in Melanaphis sacchari Aphid populations at the worldwide scale. PloS One, 9 (8):e106067, 10 p.

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie; Staps

Abstract : Numerous studies have examined the genetic diversity and genetic structure of invading species, with contrasting results concerning the relative roles of genetic diversity and phenotypic plasticity in the success of introduced populations. Increasing evidence shows that asexual lineages of aphids are able to occupy a wide geographical and ecological range of habitats despite low genetic diversity. The anholocyclic aphid Melanaphis sacchari is a pest of sugarcane and sorghum which originated in the old world, was introduced into the Americas, and is now distributed worldwide. Our purpose was to assess the genetic diversity and structuring of populations of this species according to host and locality. We used 10 microsatellite markers to genotype 1333 individuals (57 samples, 42 localities, 15 countries) collected mainly on sugarcane or sorghum. Five multilocus lineages (MLL) were defined, grouping multilocus genotypes (MLG) differing by only a few mutations or scoring errors. Analysis of a 658 bp sequence of mitochondrial COI gene on 96 individuals revealed five haplotypes, with a mean divergence of only 0.19 %. The distribution of MLL appeared to be strongly influenced by geography but not by host plant. Each of the five MLL grouped individuals from (A) Africa, (B) Australia, (C) South America, the Caribbean and the Indian Ocean including East Africa, (D) USA, and (E) China. The MLL A and C, with a wide geographic distribution, matched the definition of superclone. Among aphids, M. sacchari has one of the lowest known rates of genetic diversity for such a wide geographical distribution. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Melanaphis, Saccharum officinarum, Sorghum, Espèce envahissante, Marqueur génétique, Génétique des populations, Dynamique des populations, Variation génétique, Phylogénie, Génotype, Microsatellite

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Monde

Mots-clés complémentaires : Melanaphis sacchari

Classification Agris : H10 - Pests of plants

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Nibouche Samuel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU) ORCID: 0000-0003-2675-1382
  • Fartek Benjamin, Université de la Réunion (REU)
  • Mississipi Stelly
  • Delatte Hélène, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Reynaud Bernard, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Costet Laurent, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU) ORCID: 0000-0003-3199-2885

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/573785/)

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