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A generic modeling of fire impact in a tree-grass savanna model

Tchuinte Tamen Alexis, Tewa Jean Jules, Couteron Pierre, Bowong Samuel, Dumont Yves. 2014. A generic modeling of fire impact in a tree-grass savanna model Biomath, 3 (2) : 1-18.

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Résumé : We propose and study a model for treegrass interactions in the context of savannas which are subjected to fire pressure. Several theoretical models in the literature which have highlighted the impact of fire on tree-grass interactions did not explicitly deal with the indirect feedback of dry grass biomass onto tree dynamics through fire intensity and frequency. The novelty in our work is to consider a fairly generic modeling of fire impact on woody biomass by means of a family of increasing and bounded functions of grass biomass. The characteristic feature of this family of functions is that, it could include several forms: linear as well as non-linear ones (sigmoidal or not). Since the nonlinear shape brings more diverse results than the previous attempts using a linear function, it could be used to show that several vegetation equilibria exist with some of them showing tree-grass coexistence features.We show that the number of equilibria with both grass and trees depends on the choice of the fire impact function. We also established thresholds defining the stability domains of the equilibria and highlighted some bifurcation parameters to provide numerical simulations complying with the theoretical properties of the model. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Écologie, Modèle mathématique, Incendie de forêt, Interactions biologiques, Plante herbacée, Plante ligneuse, Savane, Arbre forestier, Durabilité, Biomasse, Zone aride, Zone semi-aride

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Cameroun

Classification Agris : F40 - Ecologie végétale
K01 - Foresterie - Considérations générales
U10 - Méthodes mathématiques et statistiques
K70 - Dégâts causés aux forêts et leur protection

Axe stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2014-2018) - Sociétés, natures et territoires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Tchuinte Tamen Alexis, UMMISCO (CMR)
  • Tewa Jean Jules, UMMISCO (CMR)
  • Couteron Pierre, IRD (FRA)
  • Bowong Samuel, UMMISCO (CMR)
  • Dumont Yves, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AMAP (FRA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop

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