Endogenous florendoviruses are major components of plant genomes and hallmarks of virus evolution

Geering Andrew D., Maumus Florian, Copetti Michele, Choisne Nathalie, Zwickl Derrick J., Zytnicki Matthias, Mc Taggart Alistair R., Scalabrin Simone, Vezzulli Silvia, Wing Rod A., Quesneville Hadi, Teycheney Pierre-Yves. 2014. Endogenous florendoviruses are major components of plant genomes and hallmarks of virus evolution. Nature Communications, 5 (2569), 11 p.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
Published version - Anglais
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Abstract : The extent and importance of endogenous viral elements have been extensively described in animals but are much less well understood in plants. Here we describe a new genus of Caulimoviridae called 'Florendovirus', members of which have colonized the genomes of a large diversity of flowering plants, sometimes at very high copy numbers (40.5% total genome content). The genome invasion of Oryza is dated to over 1.8 million years ago (MYA) but phylogeographic evidence points to an even older age of 20-34 MYA for this virus group. Some appear to have had a bipartite genome organization, a unique characteristic among viral retroelements. In Vitis vinifera, 9% of the endogenous florendovirus loci are located within introns and therefore may influence host gene expression. The frequent colocation of endogenous florendovirus loci with TA simple sequence repeats, which are associated with chromosome fragility, suggests sequence capture during repair of double-stranded DNA breaks. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Virus des végétaux, Espèce nouvelle, Évolution, Séquence nucléotidique, Introgression, Transfert de gène, Génome, Phylogénie, Plante, Ricinus communis, Jatropha curcas, Oryza, Populus trichocarpa, Vitis vinifera, Retroviridae

Mots-clés complémentaires : Florendovirus, Endovirus

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Geering Andrew D., QDPI (AUS)
  • Maumus Florian, INRA (FRA)
  • Copetti Michele, University of Arizona (USA)
  • Choisne Nathalie, INRA (FRA)
  • Zwickl Derrick J., University of Arizona (USA)
  • Zytnicki Matthias, INRA (FRA)
  • Mc Taggart Alistair R., Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation (AUS)
  • Scalabrin Simone, Università Di Udine (ITA)
  • Vezzulli Silvia, IASMA (ITA)
  • Wing Rod A., University of Arizona (USA)
  • Quesneville Hadi, INRA (FRA)
  • Teycheney Pierre-Yves, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (GLP) ORCID: 0000-0002-9754-0745

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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