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Highly dynamic genomic loci drive the synthesis of two types of capsular or secreted polysaccharides within the Mycoplasma mycoides cluster

Bertin Clothilde, Pau-Roblots Corinne, Courtois Josiane, Manso-Silvan Lucia, Tardy Florence, Poumarat François, Citti Christine, Sirand-Pugnet Pascal, Gaurivaud Patrice, Thiaucourt François. 2015. Highly dynamic genomic loci drive the synthesis of two types of capsular or secreted polysaccharides within the Mycoplasma mycoides cluster. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 81 (2) : pp. 676-687.

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : BIOTECHNOLOGY & APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : MICROBIOLOGY

Abstract : Mycoplasmas of the Mycoplasma mycoides cluster are all ruminant pathogens. Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides is responsible for contagious bovine pleuropneumonia and is known to produce capsular polysaccharide (CPS) and exopolysaccharide (EPS). Previous studies have strongly suggested a role for Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides polysaccharides in pathogenicity. Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides-secreted EPS was recently characterized as a ?(1?6)-galactofuranose homopolymer (galactan) identical to the capsular product. Here, we extended the characterization of secreted polysaccharides to all other members of the M. mycoides cluster: M. capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae, M. capricolum subsp. capricolum, M. leachii, and M. mycoides subsp. capri (including the LC and Capri serovars). Extracted EPS was characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance, resulting in the identification of a homopolymer of ?(1?2)-glucopyranose (glucan) in M. capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae and M. leachii. Monoclonal antibodies specific for this glucan and for the Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides-secreted galactan were used to detect the two polysaccharides. While M. mycoides subsp. capri strains of serovar LC produced only capsular galactan, no polysaccharide could be detected in strains of serovar Capri. All strains of M. capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae and M. leachii produced glucan CPS and EPS, whereas glucan production and localization varied among M. capricolum subsp. capricolum strains. Genes associated with polysaccharide synthesis and forming a biosynthetic pathway were predicted in all cluster members. These genes were organized in clusters within two loci representing genetic variability hot spots. Phylogenetic analysis showed that some of these genes, notably galE and glf, were acquired via horizontal gene transfer. These findings call for a reassessment of the specificity of the serological tests based on mycoplasma polysaccharides. (Résumé d'auteur)

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Bertin Clothilde, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)
  • Pau-Roblots Corinne, Université de Picardie (FRA)
  • Courtois Josiane, Université de Picardie (FRA)
  • Manso-Silvan Lucia, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-5539-3804
  • Tardy Florence, ANSES (FRA)
  • Poumarat François, ANSES (FRA)
  • Citti Christine, ENVT (FRA)
  • Sirand-Pugnet Pascal, INRA (FRA)
  • Gaurivaud Patrice, ANSES (FRA)
  • Thiaucourt François, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/574778/)

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