New parasitoid-predator associations: female parasitoids do not avoid competition with generalist predators when sharing invasive prey

Chailleux Anaïs, Wajnberg Eric, Zhou Yuxiang, Amiens-Desneux Edwige, Desneux Nicolas. 2014. New parasitoid-predator associations: female parasitoids do not avoid competition with generalist predators when sharing invasive prey. Naturwissenschaften, 101 (12) : pp. 1075-1083.

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Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie

Abstract : Optimal habitat selection is essential for species survival in ecosystems, and interspecific competition is a key ecological mechanism for many observed species association patterns. Specialized animal species are commonly affected by resource and interference competition with generalist and/or omnivorous competitors, so avoidance behavior could be expected. We hypothesize that specialist species may exploit broad range cues from such potential resource competitors (i.e., cues possibly common to various generalist and/or omnivorous predators) to avoid costly competition regarding food or reproduction, even in new species associations. We tested this hypothesis by studying short-term interactions between a native larval parasitoid and a native generalist omnivorous predator recently sharing the same invasive host/prey, the leaf miner Tuta absoluta. We observed a strong negative effect of kleptoparasitism (food resource stealing) instead of classical intraguild predation on immature parasitoids. There was no evidence that parasitoid females avoided the omnivorous predator when searching for oviposition sites, although we studied both long- and short-range known detection mechanisms. Therefore, we conclude that broad range cue avoidance may not exist in our biological system, probably because it would lead to too much oviposition site avoidance which would not be an efficient and, thus, beneficial strategy. If confirmed in other parasitoids or specialist predators, our findings may have implications for population dynamics, especially in the current context of increasing invasive species and the resulting creation of many new species associations. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Agent de lutte biologique, Parasitoïde, Agroécosystème, Compétition biologique, Interactions biologiques, Compétition interspécifique, Lutte biologique, Gelechiidae, Macrolophus, Eulophidae, Omnivore, Régime alimentaire, Solanum lycopersicum, Tuta absoluta

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : France

Mots-clés complémentaires : Macrolophus pygmaeus, Stenomesius japonica

Classification Agris : H10 - Pests of plants

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Chailleux Anaïs, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (FRA)
  • Wajnberg Eric, INRA (FRA)
  • Zhou Yuxiang, INRA (FRA)
  • Amiens-Desneux Edwige, INRA (FRA)
  • Desneux Nicolas, INRA (FRA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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