Dextrin, sugar and organic acid profiles of spontaneous and modified gowe: A malted and fermented sorghum beverage from Benin

Dalodé-Vieira Générose, Akissoé Noël, Hounhouigan Joseph D., Jakobsen Mogens, Mestres Christian. 2015. Dextrin, sugar and organic acid profiles of spontaneous and modified gowe: A malted and fermented sorghum beverage from Benin. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 50 (2) : pp. 549-557.

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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : FOOD SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Abstract : Gowé is a traditional Beninese fermented red sorghum beverage made from a blend of malted and precooked nonmalted flour. The main objective of this work was to evaluate the degradation of starch during the production of gowé and to characterise the organic acid and sugar profiles of the product obtained using starter cultures. Inoculation was performed with strains of Lactobacillus fermentum or Weissella confusa and of Kluyveromyces marxianus or Pichia anomala used singly or in combination. Size exclusion chromatography revealed that starch was hydrolysed into high molecular weight dextrins (DP over 35), oligosaccharides and glucose, mainly due to the malting and precooking steps. Glucose was the main free sugar, and lactic acid was the main organic acid. The choice of the inoculation strain directly influenced the acidity but also indirectly the sugar content of the resulting gowé and will thus affect consumer acceptability. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Produit fermenté, Boisson, Sorgho, Dextrine, Sucre, Acide organique, Fermentation, Maltage, Bactérie lactique, Lactobacillus fermentum, Pichia, Kluyveromyces marxianus, Weissella, Hydrolyse, Amidon, Glucose, Acide lactique, Inoculation

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Bénin

Mots-clés complémentaires : Pichia anomala, Weissella confusa

Classification Agris : Q04 - Food composition
Q02 - Food processing and preservation

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 3 (2014-2018) - Alimentation durable

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Dalodé-Vieira Générose, UAC (BEN)
  • Akissoé Noël, UAC (BEN)
  • Hounhouigan Joseph D., UAC (BEN)
  • Jakobsen Mogens, University of Copenhague (DNK)
  • Mestres Christian, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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